Tuesday, January 27, 2009

ISLAM AND PEACE IN SOMALIA.

Updated-
7 June 2009 CE (1430 AH).

Promote peace in Somalia.

Welcome to Project Radio Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim.
Radio for the sake of God,
Peace through Radio,
Voice following the peace of the Sunnah.
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SOMALIA PROJECT SUMMERY- The reason for conflict in Somalia and a solution.

Muslim continues to kill Muslim in Somalia.

This is forbidden in Islam.

99% of people in Somalia are Muslim but the depth of knowledge in Islam for many is low.

Clan divisions and lawless behavior overshadow the high moral code of Islam.

Religious knowledge is in Arabic but many Somalis have a limited Arabic language understanding.

This project aims to establish a Somalia wide shortwave broadcast station called Radio Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim (Radio for the sake of God, Peace through Radio, Voice following the peace of the Sunnah).

The radio will teach the high moral code of Islam in the Somali language.

To join this project Email somaliahamradio@yahoo.com
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PROJECT DETAIL-
Project to promote peace in Somalia- Radio Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim (Radio for the sake of God, Peace through Radio, Voice following the peace of the Sunnah).
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Somalia problem-
The 18 year (1991 to 2009) violent civil conflict of Muslim fighting Muslim continues in Somalia. Somalia has an estimated population between 9 to 10 million.
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In 2009 the people in Somalia are living isolated from the outside world without the normal government services that are available in the rest of the world.
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Reason for Somalia problem-

Within Somalia there is a lack of understanding of the high moral code in Islam that forbids the doing of bad and promotes the doing of good.

Muslim killing Muslim is forbidden.

The lack of understanding of the meaning of Islam (peace through a correct understanding of God) has allowed the continual use of the different Somali tribal origins to be used to separate the people to create conflicts that break the peace.

Over the past 18 years all peace agreements between the people of Somalia have been broken.
99% of people in Somalia are Muslim but the depth of knowledge in Islam for many is low.

Most knowledge of the religion is in the Arabic language however the Somali people speak the Somali language and many have a limited understanding of the Arabic language.
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Solution-
1. Teach the high moral code of Islam in the Somali language.
Most existing Somali radios teach religion in the Arabic language.
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2. Establish a short wave radio station to broadcast in the Somali language.
Short Wave Radio can cover all Somalia.
Most existing Somalia radios use FM.
FM is usually technically limited to a 25 km radius.
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Radio programs-

Radio programs would be based on the Sunnah (what the Messenger did, said and approved) and not the politics of today.

Where there is disagreement between different schools in Islam the reasoning behind the differences of thought can be explained from each schools point of view by referring to the Sunnah.

This will allow listeners to understand the different schools of thought in Islam and be better able to identify the correct path in Islam.

People in Somalia are in conflict because of a lack of knowledge in their religion.

For example some say that the start of the month of Ramadan is when you see the crescent of the Moon, others say it starts in Somalia at the same time that it starts in Mecca and others say it starts as calculated by astronomical means.

This is one example of conflict that causes unnecessary division among the people in Somalia.

Each year some people say they are correct and you are incorrect.

Radio can address this and similar unnecessary conflict that results from a lack of knowledge.
Matters that cause division can be discussed on radio with the reasons for the different views included.

Finally the Sunnah could be stated so that listeners are able to understand the correct view.
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Radio operation-

Translation to Somali must be in a kind and friendly language to avoid offence to different views.

The radio is not promoting one school because it recognizes that many schools follow the Sunnah.

The radio will encourage friendly constructive discussions on the opinions of the different schools of thought so that listeners can understand which ideas, actions and thoughts coincide with the Sunnah.
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Broadcasting of human hatred is not permitted and is not Sunnah.
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The radio will be open to all schools of Sunnah thought to come together in friendship and learn together as brothers and sisters.
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The following English language programs from the Australian Muslim community in Sydney are now ready to be translated to the Somali language.
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The material below is from one school of Sunnah thought only because it is the first I have received.

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Introduction to Islam.

Before creation of the Universe.

Existence of God.

Allah (God) sent messengers.

Importance of the correct understanding of God.

Tawhid (Tawheed, Tauheed) is the belief in one God.

Tawhid is the study of the creator and the created.

God does not resemble his creation.

Muslims believe in the Holy books of all the Prophets such as the Book of Psalms (Az-Zabur, Songs of praise to God originally sung to the music of the harp string instrument, a part of the Old Testament Bible of Prophet David, Dawud, Dawood) and the Books of Moses (The Torah, Taurat, Tawrat a part of the Old Testament Bible of Prophet Moses, Musa) and the Gospels of Jesus (The Gospel, Evangel, Good News, Injil, Injeel, fragments of which survive in the New Testament Bible of Prophet Jesus, Isa) and the Koran (Quran of Prophet Mohamed).

The Koran (Quran).

Islam is the religion of all the prophets and messengers.

God, creation and prophets.

Prophet Mohamed, his companions and Angel Gabriel (Jibral).

Creator and creation.

Prophet Mohamed is the last prophet.

Prophet Mohamed is the last messenger.

Relics of Prophet Mohamed.

Do not exaggerate in glorifying beloved Prophet Mohamed.

Becoming a Muslim.

The 4 major Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah schools in Islam. (The people following the path of the Sunnah, The people following the path of Prophet Mohamed)

Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah (The beliefs and deeds of Prophet Mohamed).

Sufism.

Sufism methodology.

The guided Sufis.

The misguided Sufis.

The true Sufis.

The false Sufi claimers.

Worship.

Correct religious knowledge.

People that do not understand Tawhid have strayed away from Islam.

Tawhid is the correct understanding of God.

Warn against books that teach false beliefs in Islam.

Avoid straying from the beliefs of Prophet Mohamed.

The false and the true beliefs regarding the nature of Allah (God).

Beware of beliefs based on incorrect understanding of verses in the Quran and the Hadiths.

Ask properly trained Imams and Sheikhs about the correct meaning of the verses in the Quran and the Hadiths.

Beware of incorrect English translations of the Quran and Hadiths.

Beware of Imams and Sheikhs who have incorrect understanding of the Quran and Hadiths.

Beware of false claimers to Prophethood and Godhood.

Do not follow the judgments of ignorant people.

Warn against the teaching of false beliefs in Islam.

Beware of the misguided innovation of Muslim killing Muslim.

The first Muslim (Believer) to innovate unlawful killing is in the story of Cain (Habil) and Abel (Kabil, Qabil).

Terrorism and extremism are not the teaching of Prophet Mohamed.

Suicide killing of innocent people is not the teaching of Prophet Mohamed.

The killing of innocent people is not the teaching of Prophet Mohamed.

Assassination of secular Government officials is not the teaching of Prophet Mohamed.

Innovations of guidance and misguidance.

Every Muslim will be questioned on Judgment day.

Allah (God) said in the Quran that some believers (Muslims) will be punished for their sins on the Day of Judgment.

Some people who call themselves Muslim are not Muslim because their beliefs and actions are different to those of Prophet Mohamed.

The sins of some Muslims is so great that even the intercession of Prophet Mohamed will not save them from the Hell Fire of God (Allah) on the Day of Judgment. A Hadith of Imam al-Bukhari quotes Prophet Mohamed saying that on the Day of Judgment he (Prophet Mohamed) will see some people being pushed away from him, from his basin al-Hawd (the drinking water for his followers on the path to Paradise) and he will say these are people of my Nation. Then it will be said to the Prophet YOU DO NOT KNOW WHAT THEY DID AFTER YOUR DEATH.

Muslims follow the belief and actions of Prophet Mohamed for the sake of Allah (God) only. This is the same as the belief and actions of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah (The people following the path of the Sunnah, The people following the path of Prophet Mohamed).

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God.

Allah (God), The exalted (Subhanahu Wa Ta-ala, SWT, swt).

Worship.

The oneness of God (Tawhid).

Sunni creed- Fatwa 2514.

God.

Names of God.

Nothing is like God.

Whatever you imagine in your mind cannot resemble God.

God does not resemble his creations.

The first obligation of a Muslim.

The 13 Attributes of God.

Allah is al-Hayah (the one attributed with life). The life of God (Allah) is not like the human life of soul, bone and flesh.

Allah is al-Awal (al-Awwal, al-Qadim, al-Qidam the one whose existence has no beginning). God (Allah) is the only one whose existence has no beginning.

Allah is al-Qayum (al-Qayyum, the one who is free of any dependence). God (Allah) is the one whose nature is to exist without depending on anyone or anything.

Allah is al-Ahad (the one to whom division does not apply). God (Allah) has no body, volume or shape.

Allah is al-Qiyamu (the one who is independent of need). The existence of God (Allah) has no end.

Allah is al-Baqa' (the ever lasting). God (Allah) is never in a state of non existence.

Allah, God manages all the creations. God (Allah) has given Angels some duties in his management of his creations.

Allah is al-Wahid (al-Wahdaniyya, the one who has no partner). Nothing has the right to be worshipped except God (Allah).

The speech (kalam) of God.

Existence of God.

God exists without a place.

Correct faith in God.

God exists without a beginning.

God knows all things.

The will of God.

Wisdom of God.

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Before creation.

Before creation of the Universe.

God (Allah) existed before his creations.

God (Allah) existed eternally and there was no place, no night and no day.

God (Allah) is now as he was then without a place.

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Creation.

Creation of the Universe.

Order of creation. God (Allah’s) first creations were water, place and time. The creations included the following.

1. Al- Arsh (Al-'Arsh, The throne) the ceiling of Paradise which is the largest of the creations.

2. The Pen (The Upper Pen, The High Pen) in the form of light having a length equal to the distance between the Earth and the first sky (first heaven).

3. The Guarded Tablet (Protected Tablet, Al-Lawh Al-Mahfudh, Lawh-i-Mahfuz, Lawhe Mahfuz) like one giant pearl surrounded with rubes.

4. The Pen wrote for 50,000 years on the Guarded Tablet what had occurred and what will occur until The Day of Judgment (the end of our world).

5. The Heavens and Earth and what is between them was created in 6 days (6 periods of time). At that time one day (one period of time) for God was not our 24 hours but thousands of our years.

6. Seven skies, each sky separate from the other sky by a vast distance. The Stars, our Sun, Planets, Moon, and the blue sky are within the first sky.

7. Seven Earths, each Earth is separate from the other Earths by a vast distance.

8. Hellfire under the seventh Earth.

9. Paradise above the seventh sky and its ceiling called Al- Arsh (The Throne).

10. Al- Kursi (The Chair, Footstool, like a ring that extends around the creation).

11. Friday (the sixth day, sixth period) was the time of the creation of Angels, Jinn and Human.

12. Angels were created from light.

13. The first Jinn named Azazil was created from fire. Azazil was a Muslim (worshiper of God) and is the father of all Jinn.

14. The first Human named Adam was created from clay. Adam was a Muslim (worshiper of God) and is the father of all humans. An Angel was ordered to gather every type of soil (hard, smooth, ruff, red, black, white and yellow). The soils were taken to Paradise and mixed with water to make clay and the shape of Adam was molded in the form of an adult and the soul blown into him. (Adam’s image belongs to God but Adam’s image does not resemble God in anyway).

15. God gave Adam knowledge without the need of a teacher. Adam (now blood, bone and flesh) sneezed and the first thing he said was Alhamdulillahi Rabbil Alamin (Alhamdulillahi Rabil Alamin, I praise the Lord of the worlds).

16. In Paradise Azazil (the first Jinn) noticed that Adam’s body had cavities in it and it was not like the Angels. Angels have no hollow parts and do not eat, drink or sleep. He wondered why God made such a creation. He deduced that this type of creation could not survive without support like food and drink.

17. In Paradise, Adam was very big 60 cubits in height and 7 cubits in width. (After Judgment Day the people admitted to Paradise will be given the same dimensions as Adam).

18. Prophet Mohamed said that Azazil a Muslim Jinn (worshiper of God) use to say to Adam, “God created you for an important matter.”

19. God ordered the Angels to prostrate (bend down in order to greet and honour) Adam and they all did. God ordered the Angels to ask Adam the names of everything. The Angels realised they did not have that knowledge and that Adam was given that knowledge. God ordered Adam to tell the Angels about the names of things. This is how all the Angels knew that Adam (later to be known as Prophet Adam) had a rank that was higher than their kind. (Prophets and messengers are ranked above all the Angels and above the highly righteous Humans and Jinn). The special Angels like Angel Gabriel (Jibral) and Angel Michael (Mikail, Mikhail Michail, Meekaal) are ranked higher than the highly righteous Humans and Jinn. Highly righteous Humans and Jinn are ranked higher than the other Angles who do not have a special rank.

20. Azazil (the first Jinn) was ordered to prostrate with the Angels to Adam but he not only refused but he objected to God’s order. (This was the first blasphemy). When God sent an Angel to ask Azazil why he did not follow the order Azazil said “I am better than Adam, you created me from the pure flame of fire and you created him from clay.”

21. Azazil now became known as Iblis (the one driven away from goodness, Satin, The Devil, Shaitan, Shaytan, Shaaytan). After Satin was dammed by being taken away from Goodness he asked God if he could live till the Day of Resurrection. God did not grant him that instead he will die like all other living humans and jinn on the Day of Judgment when Angel Israfil will blow the horn.

22. Eve (Bibi Hawa), the first woman was created from the shortest left rib of Adam as an adult. God ordered Adam and Eve to enjoy Paradise without hardship, tiredness or work. This is the same Paradise the believers will enter on the Day of Judgment. God forbad eating from one tree and warned about the whisperings of Satin.

23. When Iblis (the one driven away from goodness, the first Jinn) was sent out of Paradise he did not go immediately and whispered to Eve (Bibi Hawa) and Adam that the fruit of the forbidden tree gave immortality. Eve encouraged Adam and they both disobeyed God by eating from that tree.

24. God punished Eve (Bibi Hawa) and Adam (in this life only) by moving them from Paradise to Earth. Adam and Eve both immediately repented for their sin. Their sin was neither an enormous sin nor an abject sin. The human children of Adam and Eve do not carry any sin as a consequence of what their mother and father did.

25. God gave Prophet Adam the revelations sending him as a Prophet and messenger to his children. Eve gave birth each time to twins (a boy and a girl). A man could marry his sister but not his twin. Prophet Seth later changed this law.

26. God punished Iblis (in this life) by moving him from Paradise to Earth. Iblis (the one driven away from goodness, Satin, The Devil, Shaitan, Shaytan, Shaaytan, The first Jinn) will also be punished in Hellfire after his death because the sin of objecting to the order of God (blasphemy) is an enormous sin. The jinn children of Iblis do not carry any sin as a consequence of what their father did.

27. God (Allah) created human and jinn for the purpose of ordering them to worship him. He sent Prophets and Messengers as guides to show the people how to worship him. To this day the message to worship God (Allah the creator) and his promise of everlasting life to those who are the obedient of his creations continues through the generations of human and jinn. There exist both jinn Muslim (worshippers of God) and jinn non believers and human Muslim (worshippers of God) and human non believers.

28. Prophet Mohamed said that Friday is the best of the days (the sixth period in creation) because it is the day Prophet Adam was created.

29. Life exists on other Earths.

Difference between the eternal and the created.

Difference between God and creation.

Angels, Jinn and Humans.

Every action and every thing is created by God.

Whatever God wills will happen (Destiny).

Good and evil are created by the will of God.

The purpose of Human life is to praise the creator (God, Allah) and thereby gather rewards for the Day of the Judgment of all good and bad deeds.

The soul.

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Death.

At the time of death the Angel of Death, Angel Azrael (Azra'il, Asra'il, Azra'eil, Izra'il, Izrail, Izrael, Azrail, Ashriel, Azaril, Azraille, Azriel Azryel, Ezraeil, Ozryel) takes the soul from the body.

The Soul.

The good Soul will pass the first sky (first heaven) to Illiyin (illiyin) in the seventh sky (the seventh heaven) where it is inscribed (registered) as a good soul. Paradise (Jenna) is above the seventh heaven.

The bad soul is not allowed past the first sky and is sent to Sijjin (Sijjîn, Sijjeen) in the seventh Earth where the record of bad souls is inscribed (registered). Hellfire (Jahannam) is under the seventh Earth.

The Grave.

The grave is filled with darkness and worms.

When the dead body has been buried and its soul has been registered as good or bad it is returned to the body and sense comes back to the person who is then questioned by two Angels Munkar (Monker) and Nakir. The Angels will ask “what was your belief? Who was your Lord? What was your religion? Who was your Prophet?” The non believer will only be able to say I use to believe what other people use to believe.

The grave is a place of punishment for the non believer. Muslims who have sinned without repenting are either punished or forgiven in the grave. Pious (faithful) Muslims (believers) will have enjoyment in the grave while they wait for the Day of Judgment.

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Nearing Judgment Day.

The time of the Day of Judgment is only known to God (Allah).

The minor signs for the nearing of Judgment Day are when the poor people become rich and build tall buildings, when female slaves give birth to their masters and superiors, extensive number of earthquakes, diseases previously unknown will appear, many weather changes will occur and time will appear to move quickly.

The major signs for the nearing of Judgment Day include the following.

The arrival of al-Mahdi Mohamed ibn Abdallah (Mahdi, Medhi, al-Mehdi, the guided one).

The passing of 30 impostors (false Prophets) who will claim Prophethood. The last imposter will be Al- Masih ad-Dajjal (Al- Masih ad-Dajal).

Arrival of al-Masih ad-Dajjal (the one eyed impostor who will claim to be God) will quickly travel between countries, make rain fall and make crops grow. Al-Masih ad-Dajjal the one eyed deceiver (liar) will bring bread during a time of famine and test the believers and see if they will leave Islam for that bread and recognize him as God. The believers know from the Tawhid (the study of the creator and the created) that God does not resemble man in any way and they will stay as far away from him as possible.

He will bring 2 rivers (one looks like water and the other looks like fire). Do not believe what Al-Masih ad-Dajjal says. Prophet Mohamed advised Muslims when that time comes to drink from the river of fire (it is the real water that is made to look like fire). Those that drink from the river that looks like water (but is really fire) will be burnt.

The tribes of Gog (Yajuj) and Magog (Majuj) will be 99 percent of the population on Earth.

Return of Prophet Jesus (Isa) who will live on Earth for 40 years.

Prophet Jesus (Isa) will defeat Dajjal and the invading people of Gog (Yajuj) and Magog (Majuj).

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The Day of Judgment (Judgment Day, The Final Day, The Last Day, The Hour).

1. Earth was created by God (Allah) as a temporary living place and it will be brought to an end by God. Nothing in this world is eternal and everything will eventually perish including life on Earth.

2. In the Quran God said “the Day of Judgment will come suddenly but most of mankind does not believe.”

3. The Quran made clear that the time for the end of the world is known only to God (Allah) and that even the Prophets, Angels and Jinn do not know when the world will end.

4. Angel Israfil will blow a horn to mark the start of the Day of Judgment and everything including man, jinn and animals will die and all life on Earth will come to an end. Most of the inhabitants of the sky (the Angels) will also die. When Angel Israfil blows the horn he also will die and his soul will be taken out of his body. The mountains on Earth will crumble into dust and nothing will be as it was before.

5. The scholars of Islam have said that when “The hour” comes the few Angels that will not die include the 4 Angels that are carrying The Ceiling of Paradise known as Al- Arsh (Al-'Arsh, The throne, The largest of all the creations), the Angel guardians of Hellfire (Jahannam) and the Angels in charge of Paradise (Jenna).

6. Judgment Day will be a day of great horror for the majority because it is the day that our deeds we be judged and no one will escape the consequences of what they have done, said or believed. On “The Final Day” pregnant women will drop their babies irrespective of how far into the pregnancy they are.

7. The destruction of this world by God will be followed by a world different to what we knew. All the graves will open on the Day of Judgment and the dead will be resurrected (brought back to life) and gathered in one place. The heat of the Sun will be great and there will be no shade for those who had sinned without repenting before their death.

8. The judgment of all creations will be done in a very short moment of time. All people will be judged on what they have done, said and believed.

9. On Judgment Day animals are punished by any animal they mistreated and both will then disintegrate to dust. Animals are not accountable for belief and do not go to Heaven or Hell.

10. Muslims believe that Earth is moving towards its end and that the hereafter (Hellfire and Paradise) is moving towards its beginning. Life on Earth is a time for work with no judgment for what we do and tomorrow in the hereafter is the time of judgment for what we did on Earth and there is no work.

11. Muslims believe that after death you will not be given a second chance to come back to Earth to prepare for the hereafter and therefore the wise person prays and works today for the hereafter without deferring or delaying.

12. Muslims say “if you don’t think about being successful in the hereafter than what do you think about?” and “most of the problems that people have are caused by worrying about things that are nothing compared to your situation in the hereafter."

13. Muslims believe that the wise man and woman judge themselves in this life everyday. Before going to sleep they ask themselves “am I going to be safe in the hereafter?” or “What did I do during this day?” or “Did I spend the day like a person who sleeps and makes no preparations?”

14. When going to sleep one highly righteous Muslim would imagine that he was in Hellfire and he would ask himself “what do I wish”. He would then answer himself “I wish I could go back to Earth and work for the hereafter.” Then he would open his eyes and he would say “Now I am in my wish.” Such people are God fearing because they don’t forget to think about the hereafter every day.

15. Every night when going to sleep another highly righteous Muslim would say “Hellfire Hellfire what do I have to do with Hellfire.” This means why should I do something that would make me deserving of residing in Hellfire?. Instead of only thinking about eating, drinking and enjoyments the wise Muslim never forgets to think about what will save him or her in the hereafter.

16. Prophet Mohamed said that “A time will come upon people when one who is stead fast to his religion becomes like one who is holding a burning coal and he will say I am not Muslim." Some people might leave Islam for the sake of money and reputation. Such people are concerned about this life and have forgotten the hereafter.

17. Weighing of the good and bad deeds.

18. Intercession on Judgment Day.

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Paradise and Hell fire.

Description of Paradise (Heaven, Jannah, Jenna, Janna, Jennah). Paradise (Jenna) is above the seventh sky (seventh heaven).

Surprise in Paradise.

Description of Hell fire (Hellfire, Jahannam).

Hell fire (Hellfire, Jahannam) is a place of such punishment that if a person could have lived 1000 years of fun and pleasure on Earth after one moment in Hellfire they will say I have never experienced any pleasure in my life.

The people in Hell Fire (Jahannam) will drink al- Hamim (Hamim) boiling water and eat Zakum (Az-Zaquum, Zakoom, Al- Zakoom, Zaqoom, al- Zaqoom), a tree whose fruit has a terrible smell and taste. Hellfire (Jahannam) is located under the seventh Earth.

Paradise and Hellfire and those who will live within will exist with no end (forever).

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Prophets and Messengers.

Prophets, Messengers and followers.

God sent Prophets to guide people to do the good and avoid the evil.

All Prophets and Messengers are Muslim. They all believe in the same one God.

Attributes of the Prophets.

Peace be upon them all. Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH, pbuh). However the following is better-

May the blessings and the peace of Allah be upon them all.

May the blessings and the peace of Allah be upon him- Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, Sallallaahu'alayhi wasallam, Salallaahu'alayheewasallam, (SAW, saw).

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Prophet Adam (Aadam) and Eve (Eva, Bibi Hawwa, Hawwa, Hawa, wife of Prophet Adam).

Nabi Adam (Aadam) and Eve (Eva, Bibi Hawwa, Hawwa, Hawa, wife of Nabi Adam).

Hazrat Adam (Aadam) and Eve (Eva, Bibi Hawwa, Hawwa, Hawa, wife of Hazrat Adam).

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Prophet Seth (Sheeth, Sheth, Shiith, Shith, son of Prophet Adam).

Nabi Seth (Sheeth, Sheth, Shiith, Shith, son of Nabi Adam).

Hazrat Seth (Sheeth, Sheth, Shiith, Shith, son of Hazrat Adam).

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Prophet Enoch (Idris, Idrees).

Nabi Enoch (Idris, Idrees).

Hazrat Enoch (Idris, Idrees).

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Prophet Noah (Nuh, Nuuh, Nooh).

Nabi Noah (Nuh, Nuuh, Nooh).

Hazrat Noah (Nuh, Nuuh, Nooh).

Prophet Noah’s (Nuh’s) son Canaan (Kan'aan, Kanaan, Yam) died in the great worldwide flood. All people on Earth are from Prophet Noah’s (Nuh’s) surviving sons Shem (Sam, Saam), Ham (Haam) and Japheth (Yaafis).

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Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim, Ibraaheem).

Nabi Abraham (Ibrahim, Ibraaheem).

Hazrat Abraham (Ibrahim, Ibraaheem).

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Prophet Ishmael (Ismail, Isma'il, Ismaa’eel).

Nabi Ishmael (Ismail, Isma'il, Ismaa’eel).

Hazrat Ishmael (Ismail, Isma'il, Ismaa’eel).

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Prophet Jacob (Yaqub, Ya'qub, Yaqoob, Ya’quub, Israel, Israil).

Nabi Jacob, (Yaqub, Ya'qub, Yaqoob, Ya’quub, Israel, Israil).

Hazrat Jacob, (Yaqub, Ya'qub, Yaqoob, Ya’quub, Israel, Israil).

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Prophet Ezekiel (Dhul-kifl, Zulkifli, Zulkifl).

Nabi Ezekiel (Dhul-kifl, Zulkifli, Zulkifl).

Hazrat Ezekiel (Dhul-kifl, Zulkifli, Zulkifl).

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Prophet Joseph (Yusuf, Yuusuf, Yoosuf).

Nabi Joseph (Yusuf, Yuusuf, Yoosuf).

Hazrat Joseph (Yusuf, Yuusuf, Yoosuf).

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Prophet Job (Ayyub, Ayub, Ayoub, Ayoob).

Nabi Job (Ayyub, Ayub, Ayoub, Ayoob).

Hazrat Job (Ayyub, Ayub, Ayoub, Ayoob).

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Prophet Jonah (Yunus, Younus, Younas).

Nabi Jonah (Yunus, Younus, Younas).

Hazrat Jonah (Yunus, Younus, Younas).

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Prophet Jethro (Reuel, Prophet Shuaib, Shu'aib, Shoaib).

Nabi Jethro (Reuel, Nabi Shuaib, Shu'aib, Shoaib).

Hazrat Jethro (Reuel, Hazrat Shuaib, Shu'aib, Shoaib).

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Prophet Moses (Musa, Moosa, Moosaa, Mosa).

Nabi Moses (Musa, Moosa, Moosaa, Mosa).

Hazrat Moses (Musa, Moosa, Moosaa, Mosa).

Prophet Moses was enabled to hear the eternal speech (Kalam) of God when Prophet Moses was in Sinai (Egypt).

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Prophet David (Dawud, Dawood, Daood).

Nabi David (Dawud, Dawood, Daood).

Hazrat David (Dawud, Dawood, Daood).

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Prophet Solomon (Sulaiman, Sulayman, Sulaymaan).

Nabi Solomon (Sulaiman, Sulayman, Sulaymaan).

Hazrat Solomon (Sulaiman, Sulayman, Sulaymaan).

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Prophet Ezra (Uzair).

Nabi Ezra (Uzair).

Hazrat Ezra (Uzair).

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Prophet Zechariah (Zakariya, Zakariyya), Mary (Maryum) and the birth of Prophet Jesus (Isa, Issa).

Nabi Zechariah (Zakariya, Zakariyya), Bibi Mary (Bibi Maryum) and the birth of Nabi Jesus (Isa, Issa).

Hazrat Zechariah (Zakariya, Zakariyya), Bibi Mary (Bibi Maryum) and the birth of Hazrat Jesus (Isa, Issa).

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Prophet Jesus (Isa, Issa).

Nabi Jesus (Isa, Issa).

Hazrat Jesus (Isa, Issa).

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Prophet Mohamed (Mohammed, Muhammad) is the last revealed Prophet.

Nabi Mohamed (Mohammed, Muhammad) is the last revealed Nabi.

Hazrat Mohamed (Mohammed, Muhammad) is the last revealed Prophet.

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Prophet Muhammad son of Abdullah, son of Abdul Muttalib (Abd-ul-Muttalib), son of Hashim, son of Abd Munaf (Abdu Manaf), son of Qusayy (Qusay), son of Kulab (Kilab), son of Murrah, son of Ka'b (Kaab), son of Lawie (Luayy), son of Ghalib, son of Fehr (Fihr), son of Malik, son of Al-Munfa, son of Kanana (Kannah, Kinanah), son of Khuzaimah (Khuzaymah), son of Mudrikah, son of Ilyas, son of Mudar (Mudhar), son of Nazir, son of Ma'd (Maad), son of Adnan.

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Nabi Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib (Shaiba) bin Hashim, (‘Amr) bin ‘Abd Munaf (Al-Mugheera) bin Qusai (Zaid) bin Kilab bin Murra bin Ka‘b bin Lo’i bin Ghalib bin Fahr (Quraish) bin Malik bin An-Nadr (Qais) bin Kinana bin Khuzaiman bin Mudrikah (Amir) bin Elias bin Mudar bin Nizar bin Ma‘ad bin ‘Adnan.

Birth of Prophet Mohamed.

History of Prophet Mohamed.

How Islam started. The beginning of Islam and the persecution of Muslims in Mecca (Makkah, Makkah, al-Mukarramah, Meka in the Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia).

1. In 12 BH (610 CE) Prophet Mohamed (Prophet Muhammad, son of Abdullah) of Mecca (Makkah, in the Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia) was 40 years old when he first received revelations of the existence of the one God (Allah) from Angel Gabriel (Jibral) in the cave of Mount Hira (Jabal Al-Noor, Jabal An-Noor, Place of the revelation of the Quran (al-Qur'an), Mountain of Light) 5 km north of Mecca.

2. In Mecca 99 percent of people worshipped stone idols, the most famous idols were housed in the Kabah (Ka’bah, Ka’aba, Kaaba, Ka’abah, Kaabah). Prophet Mohamed preached the message of the existence of the one God (Allah) to a few who became believers. Among the first to join Prophet Mohamed’s call to Islam (the belief in and submission to the one God) were members of his family and his friends including his wife Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (Khadija), his friend Abu Bakr and his cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib.

3. In 8 BH (614 CE) on Mount Safa (as-Safa, al-Safa, Aş-Şafā, a hill located in the Mosque known today as Masjid al Haram in Mecca) Prophet Mohamed openly called the people of Mecca to worship the true one God (Allah) and not the false stone gods. The stone idol worship authorities said “Is this why you called us here?” They accused the Prophet of being a poet, sorcerer, magician, crazy and insane.

4. Prophet Mohamed was born into a powerful tribe of stone idol worshippers. He was later offered money and the position of a King if he stopped talking about the belief in one God and stopped calling the people to leave the worship of stone idols. Prophet Mohamed said “if you put the Sun in my right hand and the Moon in my left hand (if you give me the world) I would not stop calling people to this religion (the belief in one God). I will be firm until God gives victory to this religion and it spreads or I die while I am calling people to Islam (submission to the one God) because of my fear of the punishment of God (Allah).” Prophet Mohamed was saying that his fear of disobeying God (Allah) is greater than his fear of man.

5. In 7 BH (614 CE) the first Muslim family that had converted to Islam and who were outside of the family and close friends of Prophet Mohamed were publicly tortured by the stone idol worship authority in Mecca. Most Muslims were from poor people who did not have a big family or big tribe to protect or support them by way of retaliation against persecution. Prophet Mohamed would visit the public area where the first Muslim family was being tortured to assure them of their place in Paradise but he was powerless to stop this torture. The family of 3 (father, mother and son) were tortured and offered freedom if they left Islam (the belief in one God). Sumayyah bint Khabat (mother of Ammar bin Yasir) who was among the first 7 people who converted to Islam became the first Muslim to be martyred (die under torture because she refused to leave her belief in the one God). The next to die in public torture was her husband Yasir bin Amir (father of Ammar bin Yasir). Ammar bin Yasir (son of Sumayyah and Yasir) was freed by the stone idol worshippers when he said what he was ordered to say. Ammar told Prophet Mohamed what happened and the Prophet revealed that talk under torture was not binding because Ammar bin Yasir remained Muslim in his heart.

6. The few Muslims that came from big tribes (such as Prophet Mohamed) were protected because no one would dare harm such a person for fear of retaliation (revenge) from their tribe.

7. In 7BH (614 - 615 CE) Prophet Mohamed gave permission to 12 men and 4 women to escape the persecution, torture and killing in the first Muslim emigration (hijra, hijrah, hejira, hegira, hegirae) from Mecca (Arabian peninsula) to Habasha (Al- Habasha, Abyssinia, Ethiopia in East Africa).

8. After living a short time in Habasha (Ethiopia) news arrived that the people of Mecca (Arabian Peninsula) had embraced Islam so the Muslims in Ethiopia returned to Mecca only to find that the persecution on the Muslims and the number of new Muslims had both increased.

9. In 6BH (616 CE) the second Muslim emigration (hijra) back to Habasha (Ethiopia) consisted of 82 or 83 men and 18 women included Jafar Abu Talib (son of Abu Talib, brother of Ali Abu Talib) and Asma bint Umays (wife of Jafar Abu Talib).

10. The Mecca stone idol worship authorities sent a delegation to Habasha (Abyssinia, Ethiopia) to ask the Negus (King of Ethiopia) to give them the Muslims because they were wanted for causing trouble in Mecca. The Christian King of Habasha (Ethiopia), Ashamat al-Negashi (Ashama bin Al-Abjar) questioned Jafar Abu Talib who told of Prophet Mohamed’s revelation about the one God. The Negus (King) said “what your Prophet came with is what Jesus came with (that is, he is the Prophet of God and that there is only one God to be worshipped) then he wept (cried) and became Muslim. The Negus (King of Ethiopia) returned the gifts brought to him by the Mecca stone idol delegation and granted safety to the Muslims.

11. In 5 BH (617 CE) the leaders of the idol worshippers of Mecca saw that the religion of the belief and submission to one God, Allah (Islam) was spreading in their area and nothing they did had stopped its rise. They said “let us kill Prophet Mohamed to stop this religion” but Abu Talib (Uncle of Prophet Mohamed and a Quraish clan head) would not agree to the killing of a member of his family. Instead it was agreed to drive the Muslims out of Mecca into a restricted area 65 km outside the town to a mountain trail (narrow valley called Shi'b Abi Talib, Shi’bi Abi Talib) and boycott them by refusing to buy, sell, trade or marry with them unless the people denounced Prophet Mohamed and handed him to the Quraish (Quraysh) clan Mecca stone idol worshipping authority. Outside aid was prohibited and 3 years of hardship especially for the crying hungry children of the boycotted Muslims (consisting of 40 adults of the Hashim and Muttalib clan with their families) intensified.

12. In 3 BH (619 CE) Prophet Mohamed told Abu Talib (Uncle of Prophet Mohamed and a Quraish clan head) that God had revealed to him that all the words (except the word Allah) on the boycott agreement had been eaten by ants. Abu Talib with the other stone idol authority members checked the boycott agreement and found that only the word Allah was readable. Some of the idol worshippers said that boycotting members of their own tribe and their own family was wrong. Some disregarded the boycott agreement and went to Shi'b Abi Talib to tell the Muslims that they could return to live inside Mecca.

13. Soon after, also in 3 BH (619 CE) Abu Talib (uncle of Prophet Mohamed and a member of the stone idol worship authority) died as a non believer but as a constant protector to Prophet Mohamed. Prophet Mohamed’s protection from within the stone idol worship authority disappeared.

14. A few days later, also in 3 BH (619 CE) Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (the wife of Prophet Mohamed and the first person to accept that he was the messenger of God, Allah) died.

15. Having no further success in Mecca Prophet Mohamed went to the town of Taif (Ta'if, Tai'f) 98 km southeast from Mecca) to call the people of the tribe of Thaqif to stop worshipping idols and accept Islam (worship and submission to the one God, Allah). The people rejected him and sent children and slaves to mock and laugh and curse and throw stones at him leaving him with bleeding feet. Prophet Mohamed prayed to God “Oh God (Allah) my goal is to please you (to obey you). I don’t pay attention to the harm that is inflicted on me as a result of me doing my job (to call people to worship the one God, Allah). As long as you God are pleased with me that is my aim, I am obedient to you so that you will not punish me.” The Prophet was showing that harm and name calling is not personal and is something that one must accept when promoting the religion.

16. Prophet Mohamed returned from Taif to the increasing dangers against him in Mecca.

Revelation of the Holy Quran to Prophet Mohamed.

Miracles of Prophet Mohamed.

Prophet Mohamed was enabled to hear the eternal speech (Kalam) of God when Prophet Mohamed was taken above the 7 skies (Me’raaj).

Relics of Prophet Mohamed.

Physical description of Prophet Mohamed.

Death of Prophet Mohamed.

Visiting graves. In the Hadith from Imam al-Baihaqi, Prophet Mohamed said visit the graves as they remind you of the hereafter.

Visiting the grave of the Prophet. In the Hadith from Al-Hafiz al-Yahsubi, Prophet Mohamed said whoever visits my grave is guaranteed my intercession.

Asking God for something. Muslims believe that if you were to ask something of someone then ask it of God (Allah) and if you were to call upon someone for help then call upon God (Allah).

Asking God for something by mentioning the name of Prophet Mohamed or the name of a righteous Muslim in prayer. When a Muslim mentions the name of a dead person one is not praying to the dead. Only God (Allah) can hear prayer. Mentioning the name of a dead person can be in a prayer to God (Allah) to remember a righteous Muslim. “Oh God (Allah) I ask you and I direct myself to you in supplication (in requesting) by (mentioning the name of) our Prophet Mohamed the Prophet of mercy. Oh Mohamed I direct myself to God (Allah) by you (I direct myself to God (Allah) by remembering and blessing Prophet Mohamed the faithful slave of God) and asking God, Allah that my need would be fulfilled."

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FAMILY OF PROPHET MOHAMMED (Muhammad), (pbuh), (saw).

Abu Talib, Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, (Uncle of Prophet Mohamed), 72 BH - 3 BH (549 – 619 CE).

Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, Bibi Khadija, Bibi Khadijah, (First wife of Prophet Mohamed), 68 BH - 3 BH (556 – 619 CE).

Prophet Mohammed, Prophet Muhammad, Prophet Mahamad, Prophet Mohamed, Prophet Mahumad, Muhammad ibn Abdillah, Muhammad ibn 'Abdillah, (pbuh), (saw), 53 BH – 11 AH (571 – 632 CE).

Aisha bint Abu Bakr, Sayyidatina 'Aisha Siddiqah bint Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, A'ishah, Ayesha, 'A'isha, 'Aisha, Ayşe, Aysha, (Third wife of Prophet Mohamed), 9 BH – 58 AH (613-678 CE).

Fatima Zahra, Fatima Al-Zahraa, Fatimah Al-Zahraa, Fatimah bint Muhammad, Fatimah Zahra, Fatimah az- Zahra', The shining one. Daughter of Prophet Mohamed from his first wife Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (Khadija). Mother of 2 sons known as Imam Hasan ibn Ali (Imam Hasan) and Imam Husain ibn Ali (Imam Hassein ibn Ali, Imam Husain, Imam Husein) and 2 daughters known as Janab-e-Zainab (Zeinab) and Janab-e-Umme Kulsoom (Kulthum), 18 BH or 7 BH - 11 AH (605 or 615 – 632 CE).

Imam Hussain ibn Ali, Hussein ibn Ali, Husayn ibn Ali, Imam Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib, Al-Hussain ibn Ali ibn Talib, Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib, (Grandson of Prophet Mohamed, son of Prophet Mohemed’s daughter Fatima Al-Zahraa, son of Ali ibn Abi Talib), 4 – 61 AH (626 – 680 CE).

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THE COMPANIONS OF PROPHET MOHAMMED, 53 BH – 11 AH (571 – 632 CE).

Sumayyah bint khabbab, Sumayyah bint Khabat, Sumayyah bint Khabbat, Sumayyah bint Khayyat, Summayah bint khabbat, Sumaya zawjat Yasir, Sumaya Zawjaat Yasir, Sayyidatina Sumayya bint Khubbat, Umm Summayah, Sumaayyah, Sumaiyah bint khabbab, Sumaiyah bint Khabat, Hadrat Sumaiyah, Umm Ammar, (Mother of Ammar ibn Yassir, Daughter of Khabbat), died 7 BH (614 CE).

Yasir bin Amir, Yasir ibn Amir, (Father of Ammar ibn Yasir), died 7 BH (614 CE).

Jafar Abu Talib, Ja'far bin Abu Talib, Ja'far at-Tayyar, Ja'far ibn Abee Taalib, Sayyidina Ja'far ibn Abi Talib, (Son of Abu Talib, Brother of Ali Abu Talib, First husband of Asma bint Umays), lived during the Muslim immigration to Ethiopia 7 BH (614 CE) and died 8 AH (629 CE).

Ammar bin Yasir, Ammar ibn Yasir, Amir ibn Yassir, Amir ibn Yaasir, Amaar, Ammār ibn Yāsir, ibn Sumeyyah, (son of Sumayyah bint Khabat and Yasir bin Amir, (Companion), 53 BH - 37 AH (571 - 657 CE).

Abu Bakr, Imam Abu Bakr, Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (Companion, first Caliph), 51 BH 13 AH (573 – 634 CE).

Osman bin Affan, Uthman bin Affan, Uthman ibn Affan, Uthman bin Affa'an, Uthman bin Affan Ghani Dhun-Nurayn, (Companion, third Caliph), 47 BH – 35 AH (577 – 656 CE).

Bilal bin al-Harith, Bilal ibn Harith, Bilal bin Ribah, Bilal bin Rabah, Bilal al-Habashi (Companion), 43 BH – 20 AH (581 – 640 CE).

Omar bin Khattab, Umar bin Khattab, Umar ibn Khattab, Omar ibn Khattab, Omar al-Faruq, Umar al-Faruq, (Companion, second Caliph), 40 BH – 23 AH (584 – 644 CE).

Abdur Rahman bin Awf, Abdur-Rahman bin Awf, Abdur Rahman ibn 'Awf, Abdur-Rahman ibn 'Awf, Abdul-Rahman ibn Awf, Abdur Rahman ibn Awf, Abd al-Rahman ibn Awf, (Companion), died 31 AH (654 CE).

Tamim bin Aws al-Dari, Tamim al-Dari, Tamim bin Aws bin Kharidjah bin Sawad al-Dari, Sayyidna Tamim al-Dari, Tamim bin Aws, Tamim bin Aws Ad-Dary, Tamim Ibn Aws al-Dari, lived in 6 AH, died 40 AH (lived in 628 CE, died 661 CE).

Ali bin Talib, Ali Abu Talib, Ali, Imam Ali, Ali bin Abu Talib, Ali bin Abi Talib, Ali ben Abi Talib, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Imam Aliyy, Imam Aliy, (Companion, fourth Caliph), 23 BH – 40 AH (600 – 661 CE).

Asma bint Umays, Asma bint Umais, AsmaabintUmays, Sayyidatina Asma bint ‘Umays, Asmaa' bint Umays, (First husband was Jafar Abu Talib, Second husband was Abu Bakr, Third husband was Ali Abu Talib), lived during the Muslim immigration to Ethiopia 7BH (614 CE) and the time of Ali Abu Talib 40 AH (661 CE).

Zaid bin Thabit, Zaid ibn Thabit, Zayd ibn Thabit, Zayd ibn Thabit ibn al-Dahhak, Zaid bin Thabit al-Ansari, Zaid ibn Thâbit, (Companion), 11 BH - 45 AH (611 – 665 CE).

Abdullah bin Abbas, Abdullah ibn Abbas (Companion), 3 BH – 68 AH (619 – 687 CE).

Osman ibn Hunaif, Uthman bin Hunaif, Uthman ibn Hunaif, Uthman Ibn Hunayf, Uthman bin Hunayf, (Companion).

Wabisa bin Mabad, Wabisa ibn Mabad (Companion).

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THE EARLY SCHOLARS OF ISLAM before 194 AH (810 CE).

Imam Zain ul-Abidin, Imam Zain al-Abidin, Imam Zainul Abideen, Zaynul-‘Abidin Ali Ibn Al-Hasan Ibn Ali, 38 – 95 AH (658 – 713 CE).

Imam Jafer al-Sadik, Imam al-Sadiq, Imam Jafer al-Sadiq, Imam Jaffer as-Sadiq, Imam Jaffer As-Sadiq, Imam Jaffer Al-Fadil, Imam Jaffer At-Tahir, 83 – 148 AH (702 – 765 CE).


THE 4 TEACHERS OF THE MAJOR AHLUS-SUNNAH WAL-JAMAAH SCHOOLS IN ISLAM. (The people following the path of the Sunnah, The people following the path of Prophet Mohamed)

1. Imam Abu Hanifa, Abu Hanifa, Abu Hanifa an-Nu'man, Abu Hanifa al-Nu`man ibn Thabit al-Kufi, 80 – 150 AH (698 – 767 CE).

2. Imam Malik, Malik ibn Anas, Malik bin Anas, 93 – 179 AH (712 – 795 CE).

3. Imam ash-Shafi, Imam ash-Shafi'i, Imam Ash-Shafiee, Imam ash-Shafi'ee, Imaam ash-Shaafi'ee, Imam ash-Shafiy, al-Shafe'i, 150 – 204 AH (767 – 820 CE).

4. Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Ahmad bin Hanbal, 164 – 241 AH (780 – 855 CE).

Imam Abdullah bin Wahab, Abdullah ibn Wahab, Abdullah bin Wahab al-Misri (narrated Imam Malik ibn Anas).


THE TWO COMPANIONS OF IMAM ABU HANIFA.

1. Imam Abu Yusuf Kadi, Imam Abu Yusuf Qadi, Qadi Abu Yusuf, Abu Yusuf Kadi, Yaqub ibn Ibrahim al-Ansari, Abu Yaqub ibn Ibrahim al-Ansari, Imam Abu Yusuf, Abu Yusuf, 113 – 182 AH (731 – 798 CE).

2. Imam Mohamed ibn al-Hasan al-Shaibani, Abu Abduallah Muhammad ibn Hasan Shaibani, 135 – 189 AH (753 – 805 CE).

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THE EARLY SCHOLARS OF ISLAM after 194 AH (810 CE).

Imam al-Bukhari, Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Ismail ibn Ibrahim al-Bukhari, Imam Abu `Abdullah Muhammad ibn Isma`il al-Bukhari, al-Bukhaaree, Al-Bukhariyy, Al-Bukhariy, 194 – 256 AH (810 – 870 CE).

Imam Abu Daud, Daud Sulaiman bin Abbas, Sulaiman bin Ash ‘ath, 202 -275 AH (817 – 888 CE).

Imam Muslim, Imam Abu'l-Husain Asakir-ud-Din Muslim, 202 or 206 – 261 AH (817 or 821 – 875 CE).

Imam ibn Majah, Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Majah, 209 - 273 AH (824 - 887).

Imam al-Tirmidhi, Imam Abu Isa Muhammad al-Tirmidhi, at-Tirmidhiyy, at-Tirmidhiy, 209 – 279 AH (824 – 892 CE).

Imam ibn al-Jarud, Abdullah bin Ali bin Al-Jarud, died 307 AH (919 CE).

Imam at-Tahawi, Imam al-Tahawi, Imam Abu Jafar al-Tahawi, Imam Ahmad Ibn Salamah, Abu Jafar at-Tahawiyy, Abu Jafar at-Tahawiy, Abu Jafar al-Tahawiyy, Abu Jafar al-Tahawiy, Abu Jafar Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Azdi, 239 – 321 AH (853 – 933 CE).

Imam ibn Hibban, Abu Bakr Muhammud ibn Hibban, Ibn Hibban al-Busti, Hatim Muhammad ibn Hibban ibn Ahmad Abi Hatim al- Tamimi al-Busti, 270 - 354 AH (883 - 965 CE).

Imam Ashari, Imam Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari, Imam Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ariyy, 260 – 324 AH (874 – 935 CE).

Imam Abu Sulaiman al Khattabi, Imam Abu Sulayman al-Khattabiyy, Imam Sulaiman al-Khattabi, Imam Sulaiman al-Khattabiy, Imam al-Khattabi, Imam al-Khattabiy, 319 - 388 AH (931 - 988 CE).

Imam al-Hakim, Abu Abd Allah, Muhammad bin Abd Allah bin Hamdawayah, al-Hakim, al-Nishapuri, Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Abdullah al-Hakim al-Nishapuri, Abu Abdullah al-Hakim, Ibn Al-Baiyi', 321 – 405 AH (933 – 1014 CE).

Imam al-Lalikai, Imam Abul Qasim al-Lalika’i, Imam Abul Qasim al-Lalika’iy, died 418 AH (1028 CE).

Imam Abu Mansur al-Baghdadi, Imam Abu Mansur, Abd al-Qahir al-Baghdadi, Abdul Qahir al-Baghdadi, Abdul Kahir al-Baghdadi, Imam Abu Mansur al-Baghdadiy, Imam Abu Mansur al-Baghdadiyy, Imam al-Baghdadiy, Imam al-Baghdadiy, died 429 AH, (1037 CE).

Imam al-Kushayri, Imam al-Qushayri, Imam Abul Qasim al-Qushayri, Imam Abu al-Qasim al-Qushayri, al-Kushayri, Imam Abul Qasim al-Qushayriyy, Imam Abul Qasim al-Qushayriy, Imam al-Qushayriy, Imam al-Qushayriyy, 376 - 464 AH (986 - 1072 CE).

Imam al-Baihaqi, Abu Bakr bin Ahmad bin Hussain al-Bayhaqi, al-Bayhaqiyy, al-Bayhaqiy, 384 – 458 AH (994 – 1066 CE).

Imam al-Asfahani, Imam Raghib al-Asfahani, Raghib al-Asfahani, Imam al-Asfahaniy, Imam al-Asfahaniyy, Imam al-Raghib al-Isbahani, Imam al-Raghib al-Isfahani, Imam Al-Raghib al-Isfahaniy (Linguist), died 502 AH (1108 CE).

Imam Abu Shuja, Imam Abu Shuja'a, Abu Shuja'a, Abu Shuja', Shirwayh Hamadani al-Daylami, al-Daylami, Abu Shuja Ad-Daylami, Abu Shuja al-Daylami, Abu Shuja Shirawayh, 445 - 509 AH (1053 - 1115) CE.

Imam Al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, Al-Ghazali, Imam Al-Ghazaliyy, Imam Al-Ghazaliy, Abu Hamid al-Ghazaliyy, Abu Hamid al-Ghazaliy, 450 – 505 AH (1058 – 1111 CE).

Sheikh Abdullah Kadir Jilani, Mohammad Abdul Qadir al-Jilani, Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, Sheikh Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani, Abdul Qadir Jilani, Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilaniyy, Sheikh Abdulah Kadir Jilani, 470 – 561 AH (1077 – 1166 CE).

Imam Al-Kadi Iyad, Imam Al-Qadi Iyad, Al-Qadi Iyad, Qadi Iyad, Al Qadi 'Ayad, Al Kadi 'Ayad, Iyad al-Yahsubi, Al-Hafiz al-Yahsubi, Iyad al-Yahsubi, Al-Hafiz al-Qadi Iyad al-Yahsubi al- Malik, Qadi Iyad, 476 – 544 AH (1083 – 1149 CE).

Imam Ahmad ar-Rifai, Sheikh Ahmad ar-Rifai, Imam Ahmad ar-Rifaiyy, Imam Ahmad ar-Rifai al kabeer, Imam Ahmad ar-Rifai al kabir, Ahmad ar-Rifai al kabir, 512 – 578 AH (1119 - 1183 CE).

Imam Fakhr al-Razi, Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, 543 – 606 AH (1149 – 1209 CE).

Imam Fakhruddin Ibn Asakir, 550 - 620 AH (1155 – 1223 CE).

Imam Muhammad Ibn Hibah al-Makki, Imam Muhammad Ibn Hibah al-Makkiyy, lived 587 AH, (1191 CE) in the time of Sultan Saladin, Sultan al-Ayyubi.

Imam al-Nawawi, Imam Sharaf al-Nawawi, Yahya ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi, Imam Muhyi al-Din Abu Zakariya Yahya bin Sharaf al-Nawawi, Imam al-Nawawiyy, Imam al-Nawawiy, 631 - 676 AH (1233 - 1277 CE).

Imam al-Qurafi, Imam al-Qarafi, Shihab al-Din al-Qarafi al-Maliki, Shihabuddin al-Qarafi, al-Qurafiyy, al-Qurafiy, al-Qarafiyy, al-Qarafiy, died 684 AH (1285 CE).

Imam al-Qurashi, ibn Mualim al-Qurashi, Ibn Al-Mu’alim al-Qurashi, Ibn al-Mu'allim al-Qurashiyy, Al-Faqih Fakhrud-Din Ibnul-Mu‘allim Al-Qurashi, died 725 AH (1325 CE).

Imam Abu Hayyan al-Andalusi, Abu Hayyan al-Andalusi, Muhammad ibn Yusuf ibn 'Ali, Abu Hayyan Muhammad ibn Yusuf, Imam Abu Hayyan al-Andalusiyy, Imam Abu Hayyan al-Andalusiy, 654 – 745 AH (1256 – 1355 CE).

Imam Taqi al-Din Subki, Abu al-Hasan Taqi al-Din al-Subki, Imam Taqiyy al-Din Subkiyy, Imam Taqiy al-Din Subkiy, 683 – 756 AH (1284 – 1355 CE).

Imam Hafiz ibn Rajab al-Hanbali, Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali, Imam Hafiz ibn Rajab al-Hanbaliyy, Imam Hafiz ibn Rajab al-Hanbaliy, 736 – 795 AH (1335 – 1393 CE).

Imam al-Zarkashi, Imam az-Zarkashi, Imam Badruddiin Muhammad ibnu Abdullah, az-Zarkashiyy, az-Zarkashiy, az-Zarkashi, Al-Hafith Az-Zarkashi, Badruddin Al-Zarkashi, Badruddin Zarkashi, 745 - 794 AH (1344-1392 CE).

Imam ibn Hajar al-Askalani, Imam ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, Imam Hafidh ibn Hajar al-Askalani, al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar, Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani, Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalaniy, Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalaniyy, 773 - 852 AH (1372 - 1448 CE).

Imam ibn Amir al-Hajj, Ibn Amirul-Hajj, died 879 AH (1474 CE).

Imam as-Sahawi, 831 – 902 AH (1427 – 1497 CE).

Imam As-Suyuti, Imam As-Suyutiyy, Imam As-Suyutiy, Jalaluddin Al-Suyuti, Jalal ad-Din as-Suyuti, Jalal ad-Din as-Suyutiy, Jalal ad-Din as-Suyutiyy, Jalal ad-Din as-Suyutiy, Jalal ad-Din as-Suyutiyy, Imam Jalal-ud-Din Suyyuti, Jalaluddin Suyyuti, 849 – 911 AH (1445 – 1505 CE).

Imam Nujaym, Imam Zayn ad-Din ibn Nujaym, died 970 AH (1563 CE).

Imam Al-Haytami, Sheikh ibn Hajar Al-Haytami, Ibn Hajar Al-Haytami Al-Makki, Shaykh ibn Hajar Al-Haytamiyy, al-Haytamiy, 909 - 974 AH (1504 - 1567 CE).

Sheilk Abdul Ghani al-Nabulsi, Shaykh Abdul-Ghani al-Nabulsi, Shaykh Abdul-Ghaniyy an-Nabulsiyy, 1050 – 1143 AH (1641 – 1731 CE).

Imam al-Zabidi, Al-Hafidh Zabidi, Mouhammad Mourtada al-Housayni az-Zabidi, Murtada az-Zabidi, Az-Zabidi, az-Zabidiyy, az-Zabidiy, 1145 – 1205 AH (1732 – 1790 CE).

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PEOPLE IN ISLAM.

Ashama bin Al-Abjar, Ashama ibn al-Abjar, Ashama al-Najashy, al- Najashi, Adriaz, Asbeha, Ella Seham, Ashama, Asmaha, Sahama, Samaha, Emperor Armah, King of Axum, Negus Al-Asham, Ashamat al-Negashi, King of Abyssinia, Negus of Al- Habasha, King of Al- Habasha (Abyssinia, Ethiopia) in the first Muslim immigration to Ethiopia 7BH (614 - 615 CE) and second Muslim immigration to Ethiopia 6BH (616 CE).

Umar Abdul Aziz, Omar Bin Abdul Aziz, Umar Bin Abdul Aziz, Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz, Omar Abdul Aziz, Al-Khalifah Umar Ibn Abdul-Aziz, Fifth and last Rightly Guided Caliph, Sultan, 63 – 101 AH (682 – 720 CE).

Saladin, Salahuddin al-Ayubi, Salahuddin Ayyubi, Salah ad-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub, Sultan Salah-ad-Din al-Ayyubiyy, Sultan Salah-ad-Din al-Ayyubi, Salahuddin al-Ayyubiy, Salahuddin al-Ayyubiyy, (Sultan), 532 - 589 AH (1137 – 1193 CE).

Ahmed al- Kadiani, Ahmed al Qadiani, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Mirza Ghulām Ahmad, Ahmed al Qadiyani, Ahmed al-Qadiani, 1250 – 1326 AH (1835 – 1908 CE). He claimed to be the Promised Messiah and Mahdi and formed the Ahmadiyya movement in Islam. He said it is forbidden to make Jihad in the form of physical fighting against a government which gives freedom of religion.

Abdullah Yusuf Ali, 1289 – 1372 AH (1872 – 1953 CE). Warn of major errors in the descriptions of God (Allah) in this English translation of the Quran.

Elijah Muhammad, Mr. Muhammad, Elijah Karriem, Elijah Poole, 1315 – 1396 AH (1897 – 1975 CE). He was chosen by the founder of the Nation of Islam (USA) to be his divine representative.

Malcolm X, Brother Malcolm X, El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, Malcolm Little, 1343 – 1384 AH (1925 – 1965 CE). He left the Nation of Islam (USA) when he was the second in charge and became a Sunni Muslim.

Sheikh Gad al-Hak Ali Gad al-Hak, Sheikh Gad al-Haq Ali Gad al-Haq, 1336 – 1416 AH (1917 – 1996 CE).

Sheikh al-Albaanee, Shaikh al-Albaanee, Sheikh Nasiruddin al-Albani, Shaykh al-Albaanee, Sheikh Nasir ud-Din al-Albani, Muhammad Nasir ud-Din al-Albani, Shaikh Nasir ud-Din al-Albani, Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani, Sheikh al'Allaamah Abu Abdir-Rahman Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani, Sheikh Nasiruddin al-Albanee, Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee, Imaam Muhammad Naasir-ud Deen Al-Albaanee, Sheikh Nasiruddin al-Albaniy, 1332 – 1420 AH (1914 – 1999 CE). Sheikh al-Albaanee talking about the different levels of knowledge said to his students that "al-Haafidth is one who has memorised a hundred thousand hadeeth along with their chains of narration and the text (of each hadeeth)." His student Sheikh 'Asheesh (Shaykh 'Asheesh) repeatedly asked if he (Sheikh al-Albaanee) had memorized a hundred thousand hadeeth and Sheikh al-Albaanee repeatedly replied "This does not concern you." His student Shaykh 'Asheesh said that did not imply anything except his extreme humility." There is a book with the name Al-Albaanee on the cover that gives him the title of Muhaqqiq (jurist) and describes Al-Albaanee in the introduction as the great Muhaddith (jurist). Sheikh al-Albaanee (an Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah Sunni Muslim) said "I did not write a single letter of that supposed tahqiq (editorship) of mine!" and he warned against the “very dangerous anti-Shari`a fatwa (legal opinion) philosophy” in that book. He said “I do not sanction suicide missions.”

Sheikh Abdullah Harari, Sheikh Abdullah al-Harari, Sheikh Abdullah Harariy, Sheikh Abdullah Harariyy, 1328 – 1429 AH (1910 – 2008 CE).

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THE CORRECT PATH IN ISLAM.

Muslims follow the belief and actions of Prophet Mohamed for the sake of Allah (God) only. This is the same as the belief and actions of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah (The people following the path of the Sunnah, The people following the path of Prophet Mohamed).

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THE WRONG PATH IN ISLAM.

Hypocrites in the Muslim faith.

The hypocrites in the Muslim faith say they are Muslim but in their heart they do not believe in Prophet Mohamed. Politics, relationships, money, or power is their interest and their path.

Wrong belief.

A person with wrong belief cannot be classified as Muslim even if the person’s name is Mohamed or Abdullah or Ahmed. The name is not what makes a person a Muslim. What makes you a Muslim is to have the correct belief in your heart about God (Allah) and his messenger.

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Al- Ahmadiyya, Al- Ahmadiya, Ahmadiya, Ahmadiyya, Ahmediyyah, Al- Ahmadiyyah, Ahmadiyah, Ahmadiyyah, Kadiyani, Qadiyani, Qadiyanis, Qadianis.

The founder of Ahmadiyya who died in 1908 said he was the promised Messiah and Mahdi. Prophet Mohamed was the last of all the reveled Prophets. Muslims continue to wait for the promised Messiah and Mahdi.

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The Nation of Islam (USA), Ummah al-Islamu (USA), Ummah al-Islāmu (USA).

Nation of Islam (USA) believed God is black and that black people go to Paradise and white people go to Hell. These are not the teachings of Prophet Mohamed. There is no racism in Islam because any person can be a Muslim (believer in God).

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Al- Kadariyya, Al- Qadariya, Qadariya, Al- Qadariyya, Qadariyya, al-Kadariyya, Kadariyya, Qadarites.

Al- Kadariyya believes that man created evil. This is different to the belief of Prophet Mohamed who said that God created everything.

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Al- Majusu, Majusu

Prophet Mohamed likened the beliefs of Al- Majusu to the beliefs of Al- Kadariyya (that is their beliefs were both outside Islam).

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Al- Barahima, Al- Barhamiyya.

Al- Barahima misconceptions and ideology concerning God and Prophets can be rejected with the correct knowledge of Tawhid (God, Allah).

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Al- Mujasimah, Mujasimah, Al- Mujasima, Mujasima,

Al- Mujasima claimed that God (Allah) like his creations is made from a substance and is a body. (This means that God has limitations). This is different to the belief of Prophet Mohamed who said that God does not resemble his creations in any way.

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Al- Murjiah, Murjiah, Al- Murji'ah, Murji'ah, Al- Murjia, Murjia, Murje'ah, Murjeah, Murjites, Murji'ites, The Delayers (of deeds isolated from faith), The Postponers (of actions isolated from faith), Antinomians (violators of religious law in actions, behaviors and beliefs), The misguided faction.

Al- Murjiah believes that faith only requires words and not deeds or actions. They believe that a person who makes the Testification (Declaration) of Faith to become a Muslim will definitely not go to Hell even after committing every kind of sin.

This is different to the Hadith of Imam al-Bukhari which quotes Prophet Mohamed saying that On the Day of Judgment he (Prophet Mohamed) will see some people being pushed away from him, from his basin al-Hawd (the drinking water for his followers on the path to Paradise) and he will say these are people of my Nation. Then it will be said to the Prophet YOU DO NOT KNOW WHAT THEY DID AFTER YOUR DEATH.

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Al- Jabriya, Jabriya, Al- Jabriyya, Jabriyya

Al- Jabria include among their beliefs that a person who makes the Testification (Declaration) of Faith to become a Muslim will definitely not go to Hell even after committing every kind of sin. This is like the Al- Murjiah. Correct knowledge of Tawhid (God, Allah) protects Islam from the wrong path of Al- Jabriya.

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Al- Hashawia, Hashawia, Al- Hashawiya, Hashawiya, Al- hashawiyyah, hashawiyyah.

Al- Hashawia have gone astray by saying that the speech of God (Allah) is like letters, sounds and voices and that if someone is reading the Quran you will hear the true speech of God (Allah). This is against the teachings of Prophet Mohamed and the Quran which say that nothing resembles God (Allah) in any way.

Human speech starts and stops and is therefore created and not eternal. Human speech does not resemble the eternal speech of the creator in any way.

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Al- Mutazilah, Mutazilah, Mu'tazilah, Al- Mu'tazilah.

The Mutazilah believes that humans create their own actions. (This means that God is not the creator of everything). This belief is essentially the same as Al-Majus, Majus who believe there is one God (creator) for good and one God (creator) for evil. The beliefs of Al- Mutazilah end up at this same point with more than one creator. This belief is different to the belief of Prophet Mohamed who said that God (Allah) is the creator of everything.

Al- Mutazilah has also gone astray by saying that the speech of God (Allah) is something he creates in others. (This means the speech of God is created). Others say the letters in the Quran is the eternal speech of God (Allah). Both are not correct because Muslims believe that God (Allah) is attributed with speech that is eternal and has no beginning and no end. It is not a voice, sound or language (English, Arabic etc).

Muslims believe that the Quran once read is indicative of the speech of God (Allah) but it is not the true speech of God (Allah) which has no beginning and no end.

Al- Quran has two meanings. The Muslim belief is that al-Quran (the eternal speech of God, Allah) is not created however the al-Quran (the papers we carry in the hand and the letters that we read and the sounds that represent those letters) they are created. That is, the paper and the written words that start and stop in the form of sentences are created but they indicate the eternal speech of God (Allah) which is not created. Correct knowledge of Tawhid (God, Allah) protects Islam from the wrong path of Al- Mutazilah.

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Al- Mushabbihah, Mushabiha, Al Mushabiha, Mushabbihah, Al-Mushabihah.

The Mushabbihah liken God (Allah) to his creation. This is different to the belief of Prophet Mohamed. The belief of Prophet Mohamed is that God (Allah) does not resemble his creation in any way.

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Al- Khawarij, Khawarij, Khawārij (The Rebels, The Renegades, The Defectors, The Dissenters, The Seceders, The Vendors, The Puritan Radicals, The Deferrers in Good Hope, The Will Disposers).

Al- Khawarij was the start of the Al-Murji'ah movement after the death of Prophet Mohamed when groups of people began to accept ideas about Tawhid (God the creator) that were different from Prophet Mohamed.

Al- Khawarij was the first to introduce a misguided innovation for political and not religious purposes to Islam that legalized the killing of Muslims by judging them as blasphemers.

Al- Khawarij said they were the true Muslims and declared the Sahabah (companions of Prophet Mohamed) Kafirs (not Muslim, non believers).

They fought against the Government of the Companion of Prophet Mohamed, the fourth Caliph, Ali ben Abi Talib. Correct knowledge of Tawhed (God, Allah) protects Islam from the wrong path of Al-Khawarij.

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Al- Bayhasiyyah, Al-Bayhasiyyah.

The Al- Bayhasiyyah say if the Muslim ruler of Muslims does not refer in all matters to the rules of the religion then Government officials are blasphemer non Muslims.

They kill Muslims and call them non Muslims. This is the same action as al- Khawarij with the same political interest. Correct knowledge of Tawhed (God, Allah) protects Islam from the wrong path of Al- Bayhasiyyah.

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Al- Jamaah al- Islamiyah (Egypt), Jamaah Islamiyah (Egypt).

Al-Jamaah al-Islamiyah (Egypt) introduced to Islam a misguided innovation for political purposes that said not only Muslim Government officials but also ordinary Muslim citizens can be killed.

They believe because Muslim citizens are accepting the situation they are in now and they are not trying to make a revolution against their rulers they are accepting the state of blasphemy so the citizens of that country are blasphemers as well.

They say by killing children we are doing them a favour because if we leave them until they grow and they become pubescent they are blasphemers so they go to Hell Fire. But when we kill them under puberty they go to Paradise, so we are doing them a favour.

They kill Muslims and call them non Muslims. This is the same action as al- Khawarij with the same political interest.

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FUNDAMENTALS OF ISLAMIC BELIEF.

The belief that God (Allah) is the creator of everything as revealed to Prophet Mohamed.

The beliefs of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah (The people following the path of the Sunnah, The people following the path of Prophet Mohamed) by Imam Fakhruddin Ibn Asakir.

The beliefs of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah by Imam Abu Jafar at-Tahawi.

Prophet Mohamed would first teach Tawhid (the understanding of God, Allah) and the rules of the religion before teaching the Quran. After the death of Prophet Mohamed different understandings developed about words in the Quran used to describe God (Allah). Early scholars in Islam such as Imam Abu Jafar at-Tahawi and Fakhruddin Ibn Asakir used ilmul Tawhid (today also known as ilmul kalam) to stop people from misinterpreting the original understanding of God (Allah) in the Quran. Imam Abu Jafar at-Tahawi documented this knowledge (Aqidah al-Tahawiyya) to help his people some 300 years after the death of Prophet Mohamed.

Today some 1400 years after the death of Prophet Mohamed the meaning of Arabic words have changed even further and the same misunderstandings of some key words describing God (Allah) has led some to have a belief in God (Allah) that is different to the belief of Prophet Mohamed. Correct knowledge of Tawhid (God, Allah) is the correct path in Islam for the correct understanding of God (Allah) in the words of the Quran. Correct knowledge of Tawhid (God, Allah) protects the Quran from misinterpretation and protects you from the misinterpretation of God (Allah) by people and organisations that are on the wrong path.

Ilmul Tawhid, ilmul Tawheed, ilmul Tauheed is the Muslim knowledge of God based on the teachings of Prophet Mohamed.

Ilmul Kalam, ilmul kalam is the Muslim knowledge of the attributes of God based on the teachings of Prophet Mohamed.

Ilmul Usul, ilmul usul is the deducing of knowledge by the scholars of Islam based on the teachings of Prophet Mohamed.

Aqidah, Aqida, Akaid, Aqaid, Akaed is the Muslim belief and knowledge about God, Allah. They include the guidelines based on the teachings of Prophet Mohamed related to the teaching of God (Allah) in Islam (ilmul Tawhid, ilmul kalam).

Ilmul Tawhid, ilmul Tawheed, ilmul Tauheed, (ilmul Kalam, Aqidah) is the most valued knowledge in Islam because it specifies the exact belief and knowledge about the creator (God, Allah) as revealed in the Quran and by Prophet Mohamed.

Ilmul Tawhid does not constitute forbidden exploration of the unknown because it has been fully documented and explained by the early scholars of Islam such as Imam Abu Jafar at-Tahawi and Fakhruddin Ibn Asakir. The knowledge of ilmul Tawhid was documented to stop the confusion that was caused in Islam as a result of increasing deviation from fundamental beliefs about the creator (God, Allah) after the death of Prophet Mohamed. Ilmul Tawhid makes clear all the beliefs about the creator (God, Allah) that a person must know to be a Muslim (believer in the one creator). Ilmul Tawhid is the most powerful of the knowledge in Islam because it both guides the believer along the correct path and opens belief to the non believer. Ilmul Tawhid protects the religion by identifying deviations from the fundamental belief of Islam. Ilmul Tawhid is used in the analysis of beliefs to explain the correct path.

People or organisations with beliefs different to those specified in ilmul Tawhid cannot be classified as Muslim because their beliefs about the creator (God, Allah) is different to those of Prophet Mohamed.

Ilmul Tawhid is used to prove the existence of God. If you quote proofs from the Quran a non believer will answer saying I don’t believe in the Quran because I don’t believe in a creator. The companion of Prophet Mohamed, Imam Ali used the knowledge of Tawhid (God, Allah) to prove to non believers the existence of the creator and the truthfulness of the religion and the Quran.

If you quote proofs from the Quran to another sect in Islam they will quote their own interpretation of that proof from the Quran. To stop the misinterpretation of words that describe God (Allah) in the Quran, the early scholars of Islam made clear all the attributes of God (Allah) that a Muslim must believe. The correct meaning of a word that describes God (Allah) in the Quran is understood correctly when the reader is protected by the correct knowledge of Tawhid (God, Allah). Understanding Ilmul Tawhid allows you to read the Quran and understand descriptions about God (Allah) correctly. Ilmul Tawhid is the knowledge that explains why one belief about God (Allah) is correct and why another is incorrect.

Incorrect knowledge of Tawhid (God, Allah) is the wrong path in Islam. Incorrect knowledge of Tawhid (God, Allah) leads you to people and organisations that are on the wrong path in Islam. Incorrect knowledge of Tawhid (God, Allah) means that all your prayers are being directed to something that is different to the God (Allah) that every Muslim was commanded to study in his/her religious life. A life time spent in prayer and Quran reading will give no reward towards paradise if you have the wrong understanding of God (Allah). The wrong understanding of God (Allah) is exactly the same as idol worship.

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Islamic studies.

Alcohol.

Be patient (do not object to the will of God).

Good deeds.

Welfare contribution (Zakah).

Gossip and fabrication.

Husband and wife in Islam.

The treatment of women in Islam.

1. Prophet Mohamed said to his companions “the best man among you is the one who is best to his wife and I am the best amongst you to my wives.

2. Women, wives, mothers and daughters are respected in Islam. Prophet Mohamed ordered men to treat their wives with kindness, patience and tolerance. Muslims who do not treat their wives with kindness, patience and tolerance are disobeying the orders of Prophet Mohamed.

3. Prophet Mohamed advised husbands to avoid petty worldly arguments with their wife because wisdom is not present during such arguments and they can lead to the breakup of the family and such arguments do nothing in preparing for the hereafter.

4. In Islam the couple is ordered to overlook the little arguments that can result in a break up of the marriage. If both husband and wife follow what Islam has ordered then both will live as a happy couple.

5. Prophet Mohamed stated the importance of pleasant interactions between husband and wife.

6. Prophet Mohamed said “you are entrusted with your wives so treat them graciously. They are your partners and supporters so you have no right to any more from them.” This means that a husband is not to pressure or burden his wife excessively or with life’s greater responsibilities.

7. The treatment of wives by a husband unjustly is not allowed in Islam. Islam orders that wives be treated correctly, kindly and with respect.

8. The Prophet’s ideal marriage relationship may sound like a dream but it is the way Prophet Mohamed treated his wife’s and the way he has ordered every Muslim to treat their wives. When all husbands follow the rules of the Prophet the society will be like the way its wives are treated, that is, a society of kindness, patience and respect between its members that makes it a pleasure for everyone to live together.

9. No wife of Prophet Mohamed was ever mistreated or dealt with unjustly. Any ignorant group that uses the name of Islam to allow a husband to mistreat his wife is going against the clear example and orders of Prophet Mohamed.

10. Prophet Mohamed treated all his wives equally and he displayed the best of attitude even when under the great pressure of the mounting problems and great opposition to his mission from the dominant hostile religion of the stone idol worshippers of his time. Prophet Mohamed never neglected or hesitated in making kindly and playful contact with his wives and lived with them a life of harmony and moderation. Prophet Mohamed has ordered men to treat their wives in this same ethical manner.

11. Never did any of Prophet Mohamed’s wives complain instead they told of the many situations of his pleasant treatment to them and his excellent conduct to them in the privacy of his own home. Prophet Mohamed allowed his wives to speak of their private life confidently so that men can learn the proper conduct expected of them in their homes and to their wives. This is an example to all men of how a husband of great quality and morals should treat his wife.

12. Aisha bint Abu Bakr, the third wife of Prophet Mohamed said “one day before I put on weight the Prophet raced me and lost the race. On another day and after I had gained some weight the Prophet raced me again and won the race. He then reminded me that we became even.” This shows how the Prophet was kind, pleasant and sweet to his wives and not a person with tyranny and injustice. He showed great mercy in his heart towards his wives, companions and towards all believers.

13. When asked to describe the manner of the Prophet in his home one of the wives of Prophet Mohamed said “I have never seen him frown.” She never saw the Prophet give her a gesture that suggested that he was unhappy or angry in regards to worldly matters.

14. Problems arise in a marriage when the husband and the wife have different worldly and/or religious perspectives. Couples weigh their relationship by judging what the other has done wrong or right in the worldly matters and very few have their focus in place and judge their relationship according to Islam. In Islam marriage problems result when people who know their religion correctly are not applying it or because they don’t know the religion.

15. Islam calls for the respect of women and Prophet Mohamed is the example that shows how this is done.

Islamic behaviour.
Islamic belief.
Music.
Parents.
Say good words or keep quite.
Adultery (fornication) and warning against the teaching of false beliefs in Islam.
Sincerity.
Women’s dress and inheritance.
Touching marriageable woman.
Covering of women’s face and hands is not compulsory.
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Special events in Islam.

Day of Ashura (Day of Ashurah, Day of remembrance, Muharram 10). On the tenth day in the month of Muharram (January) Prophet Adam (Aadam) repented to God (Allah), the Ark of Prophet Noah (Nuh) reached dry land after the great worldwide flood, Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim) was born, the Kaaba was built in Mecca, Prophet Job (Prophet Ayyub, Ayub, Ayoub) was cured after an 18 year sickness, Prophet Joseph (Prophet Yusuf) who for many years was thought to be dead returned to his father and Imam Hussain ibn Ali was martyred (died for his religious beliefs).

Eid.

Hajj.

Ramadan.

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Special places in Islam.

Kabah (Kaaba) built in Mecca, the Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia) by Prophet Adam (Aadam) and rebuilt after the great worldwide flood by Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim).

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Permitted and forbidden usage, contracts, trade and relations in Islam.

Riba (Forbidden gain). Blood, singing, dogs, hiring. Trading, exchanging same type items. Exchanging different items, food. Hiring.

Invalid selling.

1. Muslims cannot sell defective articles without stating the existence of the defect.

2. If a car looks band new but it had an accident and it was repaired a Muslim must mention this because by convention this would normally reduce the value of the car.

3. Muslims must be honest in their sale. Cheating, lying or deceiving is sinful.

4. Muslims are not allowed to sell to or buy from a non accountable person such as an insane person or a non pubescent child.

5. Imam ash-Shafi'i ruled that a non pubescent child cannot be sent to buy something in a shop or left to sell things in a shop.

6. Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal (a student of Imam ash-Shafi'i) ruled that a non pubescent child that has reached the age of mental discrimination (7 years and older) can sell in a shop or buy from a shop if his guardian has given permission.

7. The parents of children under 7 years of age in kindergarten or school can send a money order to the school administration and ask them to purchase whatever the child requires from the school canteen.

8. Imam ash-Shafi'i said that it is invalid to buy and sell without an appropriate verbal statement from both parties.

9. Other scholars within the ash-Shafi'i school and other schools allow the buying and selling by mutual agreement without a verbal consent.

10. After agreeing on the price for an article it is sinful for another Muslim to weaken the desire of the buyer or seller to complete their transaction. For example once a price has been agreed another Muslim is not allowed to interfere with the transaction by saying “don’t buy it I will sell the same thing to you at a cheaper price” or “I will sell you a better quality one for the same price” or “don’t sell it to him for $150 I will buy it from you for $175.”

11. Auctions are permitted.

Revoking a sale. (Canceling a sale).

1. Sales of articles that are made during the same session (while both parties are still present) can be cancelled (revoked), goods can be returned and money must be refunded (this is called the choice of being in the same session).

2. Canceling a sale within a period of time (maximum period 3 days). Muslims can take the article home and revoke the sale within 3 days if they wish. It is sinful for another Muslim to weaken the desire of the buyer or seller to complete this transaction however if both parties are in agreement then there is no sin on the third person.

3. If a buyer finds an article has a defect they can return the article to the seller and ask for and must receive a refund.

Inheritance.

1. It is invalid to divide the inheritance of a deceased person or to sell it until the debts of the deceased have been paid, any Will satisfied and the funds provided so that someone can be sent to perform Hajj (pilgrimage to the Kabah in Mecca at a specific time) and Umrah (Umra, Omrah, Omra, pilgrimage to the Kabah in Mecca at anytime) if it was obligatory for the deceased and he had not preformed them. Items can be sold to cover this if no money remains.

2. The inheritance can then be divided according to Islamic law.

3. If the deceased is leaving a wife and young children then the children are orphans and someone will be appointed to look after the orphan’s share of the inheritance.

4. God has warned “those that consume the money of the orphans unjustly let them know they are consuming fire in their stomach and they will be exposed to a severe torture in Hellfire.” Part of everything the father owned belongs to the orphans therefore do not consume any food (coffee, sugar etc) that is left in his house unless you know that food was bought after the death by another person such as the brother of the deceased.

Selling and buying.
Alcohol.
Food.
String and wind instruments.
Games of chance.
Collateral.
Lending and borrowing money.
Borrowing for free.
Forgiving debt.
Invalid marriage.
Partnership contract.
Marriage contract.

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Islamic judgment rulings. (Usul- proof, Fiqh, Fikh- understanding, Sharia- law).

The 7 types of Islamic judgments.

Who can make Islamic judgments?

Islamic judgments made by people without correct knowledge is forbidden.

The knowledge required of an Islamic judge.

Judgments in Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah.

The difference between extreme and moderate judgments in Islam.

1. Extremist views are those who have strict judgments with no justification.

2. An extremist view says that where there are different rulings between the 4 recognised Mujtahids (jurists) of Islam a person who is not an expert jurist cannot pick and choose rulings from those different jurists to find the easiest rulings for himself to follow in regards to different religious matters. They say this is a great sin.

3. The moderate view is that a person who is not an expert Mujtahids (jurists) can follow any of the recognised Mujtahids (jurists) who have made ijtihad (ijtihād, the process of making legal decisions by independent interpretation of legal sources such as the Quran and Sunnah). A person who is not an expert Mujtahid (jurist) can pick and choose rulings from these different experts that are the easiest to follow in regards to different religious matters. It is not sinful to follow the judgments that are easiest for your situation because all of those judgments are valid reliable judgments.

4. The moderate view allows people who are not expert jurists to follow Imam ash-Shafi'i on one ruling or Imam Malik on another ruling or Abu Hanifa on another or Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal in another depending on which ruling is easier.

5. Imam Al-Bukari said whenever Prophet Mohamed had the choice between two matters he would choose the easier one as long as the easier choice was not sinful.

6. The moderate view is that the different judgments on religious matters that have been made by Islam’s 4 recognised major schools are all considered valid and can be adopted anytime by anyone who is not an expert jurist. This is an acceptable view that is in the footsteps of Prophet Mohamed.

7. Imam Al-Bukari said the Messenger of God (Allah) loved that which is easy (lighter, not harder) for his nation.

8. Prophet Mohamed said that a lot of people who directly hear his Hadith (what he says) do not understand the meaning of the words they hear. They hear, they memorise and they narrate it to other people without understanding. (These are the majority of followers who cannot infer and deduce correct judgments and rulings based on the Quran and Hadiths).

9. Prophet Mohamed said that some people who hear what he says from a narrator have more understanding of its meaning than does the narrator who conveyed it. (These are the few expert Mujtahids (jurists) who can infer and deduce correct judgments and rulings based on the Quran and Hadiths).

10. An extremist view is that every Muslim is obligated to go and find for himself the religious proofs before they apply a religious action.

11. The moderate view is that you must study religion the proper way under trustworthy people because few people have a lifetime to search through thousands of proofs for every religious action or have the talent to correctly deduce religious judgments. The moderate view is that the Mujtahids (jurists) of Islam who lived closer to the time period of the Prophet (1400 years ago) have already established the proofs for religious actions. God (Allah) in the Quran orders Muslims to ask the people of knowledge (Mujtahids, jurists, scholars) that which they don’t know. (God does not tell every person to find the proofs for every single action on their own. To do so is beyond the ability of most people. The Quran says that God does not ask man to do that which is beyond his ability).

Iddah is the waiting period for women after divorce or after the death of a husband.

Adultery (fornication) and Omar bin Khattab (Companion of Prophet Mohamed and Second Caliph) upheld that if a person made a valid repentance to God it is not allowed to uncover (tell other people) about a matter that God has sealed.

Divorce traditional ruling upheld by Omar bin Khattab (Companion and Second Caliph).

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Words in Islam.

Abject sin is the sin that shows a low standard of self respect (spiritual poverty) such as looking at a person with forbidden lust.

Apostasy is the beliefs and actions that take a person out of Islam.

Belief is accepting God (Allah).

Blasphemer is a person who shows through action or word that he does not believe in God (Allah the one creator) or his attributes or believes that something is not created by God.

Creator (God, Allah) is the basic Islamic belief.

Islam is the submission to God.

Islam is the belief in one God.

Kuffar (Kafir, kāfir, Kaafir, Kafirun, kuffār, Kufr) is a person who does not believe in Islam. Blasphemy or Sacrilege is a sign of non belief and moves a person from Muslim (believer) to Kuffar (disbeliever).

Messengers were sent by God with new laws (Sharia) to guide the life of people. Messengers Noah (Nuh), Abraham (Ibrahim), Moses (Musa), Jesus (Isa) and the last revealed Messenger Mohamed were all of the same religion. That is Islam. Islam is the religion of all the Prophets and Messengers.

Mumin (Mu'min) is a believer, one who possesses faith in God (Allah).

Prophet is a man who receives revelation from God (Allah) and conveys it to the people. He follows previously established laws (Sharia).

Quran (Koran) is revelation from God to Prophet Mohamed.

Shahadah (Shahādah, Shahada, Shadatan) is the Testification (Declaration) of Faith in the religion of Islam.

Sharia (shari‘a, shari‘ah) is law from God as revealed to a Messenger. Messenger is a Prophet who has received a new law (Sharia) to guide the life of people. (Every messenger is a Prophet but every Prophet is not a messenger).

Shirk is the greatest sin. It is the false belief that God has one or more partners.

Worship is the ultimate way of showing fear in relation to excitation (motivation), glorification (praise to God) and humility (submissiveness).

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Quran verse.

Prophet Mohamed first taught the fundamentals of belief before teaching the Quran.

The Quran (Koran).

The origin of the Holy Quran.

Beware of errors in the Yusuf Ali English translation of the Quran.

Beware of errors in an English translation called the Noble Quran.

Quran contains two types of verse.

Interpretation of verses.

Creation.

Life after death (resurrection).

Angels obey God.

Protection from Hell fire.

Making a vow.

The cave story.

Existence of God.

Prophet Noah.

Nothing is like God (Allah) in any way and he has the attribute of seeing and hearing.

Knowledge and rank.

Humans made from clay.

God knows all.

The biggest sin.

Angels in the sky.

God.

Worship.

Forgiveness.

Fear of God.

Intercession on judgment day.

Women's voice is not to be hidden.

Prophet Adam (Aadam).

Seek the means of obedience to God.

Benefits to the dead.

Funeral.

Calling for help.

The Grave.

Jinn and Humans.

God the subduer.

Paradise and Hell Fire.

Mockery.

Belittlement.

Respect for God.

Do not attribute to God the attributes of his creation (such as eyes, mouth or internal organs).

Leaving Islam.

Do good deeds.

Wearing Quranic words.

Attributes of Prophets.

Seeking blessings from the Prophet and his relics.

Sorcery, witchcraft.

Creation of Adam and Eve.

God (Allah) sent messengers.

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Hadith (reported saying, deed or action related to Prophet Mohamed).

Angel, Jinn, Man.

Angel Gabriel (Jibral).

Male and Female.

The poor.

Women of Al-Medina.

Acquiring reward to Paradise (Acquiring reward for the Day of Judgment).

Prophet Mohamed said that the one who does a good deed for the sake of a good reputation and for praise and who wants reward to enter Paradise will get nothing (no reward) from God (Allah). Instead he acquires a sin.

Acquiring reward to Paradise is by those whose action and thought is for the sake of God (Allah) only. If your action is out of greed, revenge, power, honour, status, benefits (in other words not for the sake of God only) then your deed is not rewardable and becomes a sin. Mixing, confusing or including worldly desires or worldly concerns with the desire to do a rewardable deed is not rewardable and is a sin.

Some rewardable deeds include prayer, fasting, learning about religion and giving food to people without them knowing who gave it.

Additionally, you must place an intention in the heart that the deed is motivated for the sake of God (Allah) only before doing the deed otherwise it is not rewardable.

Understanding the religious knowledge that every Muslim must seek so that rewardable deeds are accepted.

Stories from Islam.

Excellence of a pious woman. A prince’s decision to find a kind, pious and poor man to marry.

Hellfire stories. A pious person asks each night the question “if I were in Hell Fire what would be my wish?"

Story of Blasphemy. A person losses his religion when Islam is like holding a burning coal in your hand and he will say I am not Muslim.

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Mosque sermon.

Good manners.

Rain and milk.

Water use.

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Prayer (Salat, Salāt).

Seeking the knowledge about God is more important than performing the optional prayer.

A Muslim is a believer in the one creator (God, Allah).

Statement of belief (Testification, Declaration of Faith, Shahadah, Shahādah, Shahada, Shadatan).

Any person can become a Muslim by reciting and believing the Testification (Declaration) of Faith.

Testification (Declaration) of faith in English. A person not born a Muslim can immediately become a Muslim by believing and saying I testify that no one is God except Allah (the one God) and I testify that Mohamed is the messenger of Allah (the one God).

Testification (Declaration) of faith in Arabic. During prayer the Testification of Faith is said in Arabic. Ash-hadu-an la ilaha illallah wa ash-hadu-anna Muhammadur Rasul-Allah. (I testify that no one is God but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah).

Alternate Testification (Declaration) of faith in English or Arabic. To become a Muslim it is also acceptable to say La Robe illallah (There is no God except Allah) or La Khaleka illallah (There is no creator except Allah). Followed by Muhammadu nabi Allah (Mohamed is the Prophet of Allah).

Conditions for valid Prayer.

Ablution (Wudu, washing before prayer).

Time of prayer.

Call to prayer- Before sunrise (Adan Fajr).

Call to prayer- After midday (Adan Zuhr).

Call to prayer- afternoon (Adan Asr).

Call to prayer- After sunset (Adan Maghrib).

Call to prayer- Night (Adan Isha).

Call to prayer- Friday Jumuah prayer.

Dua.

Invalid Prayer.

Prayers in congregation.

Prayers- Friday.

Following the prayer leader.

In a calamity rely on God.

The benefit of pray for the dead and the living.

Reciting Quran for the dead.

Prayer to God- speaking of Prophet Mohamed.

Praising Prophet Mohamed.

Alhamdulillah (Alhamdulilah, Al-Hamdu Lillah, Alhamdulila, Al-Hamdu Lilla) means praise be to God (Allah).

Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim (Bismillahi-r Rahmani-r Rahim, Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim, Bismillah al rahman al rahim, Bismillaah ir Rahmaan ir Raheem, Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim) means "in the name of God (Allah), the most Merciful, the most Kind."

Bismillah means "in the name of God, Allah."

Rahman is the one who is merciful to the believers and the non believers in this life and the one who is merciful in the hereafter (here after, afterlife, after life) to the believers only.

Rahim is the one who is merciful in the hereafter (afterlife) to the believers only.

Sallallahu alayhi wasallam, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam (saw) said after the name of Prophet Mohamed means may God (Allah) raise the rank of Prophet Mohamed and protect his nation from that which he fears for it.

Allahuma salli ala Mohamed (Allah huma sali ala Mohamed, Allahuma salli ala Muhammad) said after the name of Prophet Mohamed is a rewardable deed. It means oh Allah bestow more honour and glory on Prophet Mohamed (peace and blessing be upon him).

Sallallahu ala Mohamed (Sall Allahu ala Mohamed, Sallallahu Ala Muhammad, Sallallahu Ala Muhammud) repeated 100 times a day is a rewardable deed.

Sala alan nabi (Salah 'alan Nabiyy, Salat 'Alan Nabiyy, as-salatu ^ala an-Nabiyy) is a variation of Allah huma sali Allah Mohamed. It means Oh God raise the rank of Prophet Mohamed.

Subhana Rabbiyal Azim (Subhana Rabbi yal Azim, Subhana Rabbiyal Azeem) is said 3 times during Ruku prayer (Bow down). It means Praise Be To My Great Lord (the one who has no imperfections).

Subhana Rabbiyal Ala (Sub-hana Rabbi yal A'ala, Subhana Rabbiyal A'ala) is said 3 times during Sujud prayer (prostrating on the ground). It means Praise Be To My Supreme Lord (the one who has no imperfections).

Ramadan night prayer.

Chants in English and Arabic.

Praise be to God (Allah) and God (Allah) knows best.

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Project Radio Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim seeks to achieve the following-
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1. To establish a studio in Galkayo, Somalia to translate Arabic and English programs and chants to Somali for radio broadcasting.
(This requires an office/studio in Galkayo with electricity and computers. These can be obtained in Galkayo and need funding).
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2. Help to obtain Radio Kuwait audio English language programs such as “The Ethics of Islam”, “30 days of Ramadan the holy and great month of Islam” and as many other programs as Radio Kuwait can provide for this project. These programs and chants would be translated in Somalia to the Somali language.

(I currently have Arabic and English programs and chants from Sydney, Australia that I will put on a portable hard drive to take to Galkayo, Somalia to be translated to Somali. To make translation and audio mixing easy every program and chant is in both wav and mp3 format).
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3. I am ready to supervise Galkayo staff in the editing of broadcast material and assist in the training of a local Somali staff of teachers who are following the path of peace in Islam.
(This requires return air tickets and accommodation, food and living expenses).
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4. Short wave radio broadcast transmitters, antennas, studio and electronic equipment.
(This requires funding or the donation of equipment).

This project could be established immediately.

I am ready to set up a translation office in Galkayo and use the existing Radio Galkayo community radio station to broadcast “on the air” some of the translated programs.

This would allow the training of Somali staff in program and chant translation while we wait for equipment to establish “Radio Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim”.

(If 2 return air tickets and living expenses for 2 visits to Galkayo are available I would be able to immediately go to Galkayo to setup the translation office and the local staff in Galkayo. I would then return to Australia to prepare the transmitting equipment and again return to Galkayo).
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Projection-

A 24 hour Short Wave Radio station could promote knowledge about Islam that is currently missing in Somalia.

Understanding the religion’s high moral code will help to stop the doing of bad and promote the doing of good.

Knowledge about Islam is unknown among many foreign listeners.

Some programs in Arabic and English could be aired to welcome foreign listeners to Islam.

If anyone is able to translate programs and chants to Hebrew we could also welcome listeners in Israel to Islam.

Foreign listeners can be welcomed to visit Somalia to learn more about the religion, people and country.

I have visited Somalia 10 times between 1993 and 2007 during which I helped to establish a community radio station called Radio Galkayo in Galkayo, 700km north of Mogadishu.

Everyone on the path of peace is welcome to join this project for the sake of God, Allah.

Contact me on email somaliahamradio@yahoo.com
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Regards,
Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A
2 Griffith Ave, Roseville, N.S.W., Australia 2069
Tel- 61-2-9417 1066
Email: somaliahamradio@yahoo.com
Web: https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio
Web: http://somaliaradio.blogspot.com
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Comments and questions about Islam.

Email- somaliahamradio@yahoo.com
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Question 1.

25 January 2009- Why did Sheikh al-Albaanee, 1332 – 1420 AH (1914 – 1999 CE) say “I do not sanction suicide missions.”

Answer.

Shaikh al-Albaanee, 1332 – 1420 AH (1914 – 1999 CE) an Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah Sunni Muslim, said regarding a book that used his name on the cover and introduced him as a Muhaqqiq (jurist) and the great Muhaddith (jurist) that "I did not write a single letter of that supposed tahqiq (editorship) of mine!" and he warned against the “very dangerous anti-Shari`a fatwa (legal opinion) philosophy” in that book. He said “I do not sanction suicide missions.”

1. Regarding the view that “suicide bombings are a means by which one seeks closeness to Allah” (God), he said “today we find that a man fights for the sake of his land or his homeland and not for the sake of Allah (God) only. Such suicide missions are absolutely not Islamic” (because in the time of Prophet Mohamed fighting was for the sake of Allah (God) only and under the orders and leadership of Allah (God) through his Messenger and the rightly guided whom the Prophet ordered.

2. “All suicide missions in our current time are unsanctioned deeds that are all to be considered Haram (Haraam, prohibited). Suicide missions of today are not Islamic. Today there is no jihad (jihaad in terms of a Holy war) in the Islamic lands at all. There is combat in numerous Muslim countries but there is no jihad (in terms of a Holy war) that is established under a (solely) Islamic banner and that is established upon Islamic regulations. There is no Caliph (Khalifah, khalīfah, Khaleefah, ruler) who raises (solely) the banner of Islam (Islaam) and calls Muslims to draw near him and perform Jihad (in terms of a Holy war) for the sake of Allah (Allaah, God) alone,” (that is the one leader who is accepted and recognized as the leader of the entire nation of Islam, the one who has the wisdom and is not motivated for the sake of power, the sake of homeland, the sake of revenge, the sake of hate, the sake of money or the sake of glory).

3. “Suicide missions today are individual acts that do not have a positive result that benefits the central aim of the religion,” (that is, to welcome the world to Islam as is the central mission given by Allah (God) to Prophet Mohamed and to every Muslim). “Therefore we say to the Muslim youth, protect your lives so you can use it to learn your Deen (religion) and your Islam and become acquainted with it properly and act according to it to the best of your abilities.” Imam Bukhari in Kitab al-manaqib, hadith 3338 narrates the advice from Prophet Mohamed that when there is no leader in Islam (like today) you need as much patience as would require you to fiercely bite the roots or stump of a tree and LIVE a LIFETIME until death reaches you.


4. “Some scholars understand that the person who commits suicide dies as a kuffar or an unbeliever since the one who commits such an act has malice and distain for Allah (God) because he or she objects without patience to the calamities that Allah (God) has created. A true Muslim could never reach the level whereby he contemplates such an act, let alone carry out the act of taking his own life. In most cases the individual who takes his own life is not a Mu‘min (true believer).”

5. “It is possible that a Muslim may be affected by an evil ideology that may lead him to commit suicide. Due to this we say with full conviction and certainty that he (the one who commits suicide) is not a true believer. This is similar to the one who abandons prayer out of Juhood (stubborn rejection) of its necessity and passes away with a Muslim name but if it was known that he denied (disavowed) prayer then he would not be allowed to be buried within a Muslim burial ground. The same verdict is for the one who commits suicide and it becomes known that his suicide was due to malice (revenge) and distain (Hate) for Allah (God) because of the calamities that Allah (God) has created and that he faced without patience.”

6. “As long as (we affirm) that Jihad (in terms of a Holy war), according to Islamic (regulations), must fulfill the prerequisite of it being (solely) under the banner of Islam and (we find that) this banner does not have a commander (during the current era), then we (state) that an Islamic suicide is not permitted (as it is performed today).”

7. Prophet Mohamed SAW instructed what is to be done when there is no leader for the Muslim nation. Here are two translations of the hadith narrated by Imam Bukhari on the authority of Huthayfa ibn al-Yaman (Hudhayfah, Huthayfah) in Kitab al-manaqib, hadith, Ahaadeeth 3338. I asked about the bad times fearing that they might affect me and Prophet Mohamed SAW said “there will be preachers who preach for the doors of hellfire” (“There will be those who invite people to the doors of hell”). “Whoever answers them they throw him into hellfire" (“Whoever answers their invitation they will toss him into the fire”). I said "Oh Prophet of Allah, describe them for us." Prophet Mohamed SAW said "they are from you and they speak from our language” (“They will have the same skin as we and speak our language” that means they are people of misguidance in our religion”). I asked "what should I do if I witness that?" (“What do you order me to do if that period reaches me?”). Prophet Mohamed SAW said "stick with the group of Muslims and their leader" (“Cling to the community of Muslims and their Imam”). I asked "what if they had no leader?" (“What if there is no community or Imam?” means what if there is no leader for the nation of Islam). Prophet Mohamed SAW said "if they had no leader then leave all these groups even if you had to bite on a tree until your death." (“Avoid those factions, all of them, even though you may have to fiercely bite the roots or stump of a tree until death reaches you in that state” means if the Muslim nation has no leader then leave (or stay away from) ALL the groups (factions) even though you may have to suffer a lifetime of patience till your death. In other words when there is no leader in Islam a Muslim leaves all the groups (factions) for fear of the evil that division creates. This is a difficult time to bear and it is like biting hard on the root or stump of a tree to take away the pain and suffering that might last a lifetime of being patient.

8. Shaikh al-Albaanee continues “when there is no leader for the nation of Islam Prophet Mohamed SAW (Imam Bukhari, Kitab al-manaqib, hadith 3338) said Muslims must stay away from or leave ALL groups (factions). Therefore how can Muslims do jihad (in terms of a Holy war) if they should at the same time stay away from all groups (factions)? Islam has only one banner (one religion), one group (Muslim) and one leader (that does not exist today). Today all the conditions described by Prophet Mohamed SAW and the advise of the Prophet in the hadith of Imam Bukhari, Kitab al-manaqib 3338 apply today.”

9. The leader of a jihad (in terms of a Holy war) must be a Caliph (the single leader of the entire one nation of Islam) not just an Amir (Emir, Aamir, Ameer, local chieftain, local commander, local leader) because Islam is one nation with one universal leader and one universal commander.

10. The word jihad (in terms of a Holy war) is a word that applies to ALL OF ISLAM (to the one nation of Islam, to the one group called Islam) that is commanded by one leader such as Prophet Mohamed or his rightly guided Caliph. Today there is no jihad (in terms of a Holy war) because there is no one leader for the whole Muslim nation. There is combat in numerous Muslim countries but this is not jihad (in terms of a Holy war) that is established under a (solely) Islamic banner and that is established upon Islamic regulations. There is no Caliph (the single leader of the entire one nation of Islam) who raises (solely) the banner of Islam and calls Muslims to draw near him and perform jihad (in terms of a Holy war) for the sake of Allah (God) alone.”

11. Today when we see Muslim killing Muslim we can understand why Prophet Mohamed SAW advised “if there is no Imam (Caliph, the single leader of the entire one nation of Islam) then leave ALL these factions (the groups today who practice the innovation of Muslim killing Muslim) even if you had to bite on the root (or stump) of a tree until your death."


12. If you understand Shaikh al-Albaanee views then the following observations are made. If you must fight then do not acquire additional sins by using the word jihad to mean Holy war for actions where one Muslim is killing another Muslim.


13. If you must fight then do not acquire additional sins by using the word jihad to mean Holy war for actions that are not under the direction of the Caliph of Islam who is the one with the wisdom to guide the whole nation of Islam for the sake of Allah (God) only.


14. If you must fight then do not acquire additional sins by using the word jihad to mean Holy war for action that is motivated for the sake of power, the sake of homeland, the sake of revenge, the sake of land, the sake of hate or the sake of glory especially when no Caliph (for the sake of Allah, God only) currently exists in Islam.


15. Future Caliphs of Islam may include al-Mahdi Mohamed ibn Abdallah (the guided one) and the return of Prophet Jesus (Prophet Isa).


16. Today Muslim groups are killing each other. Prophet Mohamed advised Muslims to leave all the groups (who practise the innovation of Muslim killing Muslim) if Islam has no single leader (to stop these factions and groups from killing each other). The Prophet is giving this advice because the killing of Muslims by the different Muslim leaders who control different Muslim groups is a great sin but most of those Muslim leaders cannot see (understand). The Prophet is advising the Muslims who see and understand the enormity of those sins to leave all the groups (Muslim fighting Muslim groups) even if you have to bite on a tree root until your death (even if you have to suffer in patience for a lifetime until death). Leaving those groups allows you to study your religion and to welcome the world to Islam. All who are rightly guided will follow the advice of Prophet Mohamed SAW and wait for the promised guided one who will have the wisdom to unite all Muslims (all believers in Allah, God).

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See more on Somalia in the 23 links below -

1. Somalia.
NABDAADI RAADIYO HAM SOOMAALIYA. RAADIYOO CAAWINTA AADANAHOO DHAN.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio

2. Somalia ham radio.
RAADIYAHA AMITARKA SOOMAALIYEED.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio

3. Somalia ham radio license.
SHATIGA RAADIYAHA AMITARKA AH EE ABIDKIIS KAJIRAYA DALKA SOMALIYA.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-license

4. Somalia visitor ham radio license.
SHATIYADA SOOMAALIYA AY SIINAYSO AJAANIBTA AMITAR RADIYOWGA AAN XADID NAYN.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-visitor-amateur-radio-license

5. Somalia ham radio regulations.
ISGAARSIINTA EE RAADIYAHA AMITARKA SOOMAALIYEED.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-regulations

6. Somalia ham radio licensing authority.
WAAXDA ISGAARSIINTA SOOMAALIYA.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-licensing-authority

7. Somalia ham radio course.
KOORSADA RAADYAHA AMITARKA SOOMAALIYA.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course

8. Somalia ham radio ham radio call signs.
LAMBARADA WICITAANKA EE RAADIYAHA AMITARKA SOOMAALIYA.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-callsigns

9. Ham radio prefixes.
HORGALAHA CALAAMADDA WACITAANKA EE AMATEUR RADIO. WAXAY MUUJINAYSAA WADANKA.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/amateur-radio-prefixes

10. SARFEN.
JIMCIYADA RAADIYAHA AMITARKA EE SOOMAALIYA.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/sarfen

11. Somalia Emergency Network.
WARISGAARSIINTA DEGDEGA AH EE AMITAR RAADYOOWGAEE SOOMAALIYA.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-emergency-network

12. Holiday help in Somalia.
SOCOTO AJNEBITA EE SOOMAALIYA.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/holiday-in-somalia

13. Somalia radio holiday.
BOOQDAYAASHA USOCDA SOOMAALIYA.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/radio-somalia-holiday

14. Traveling to Somalia.
BOOQO SOOMAALIYA.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/travel-to-somalia

15. Radio Galkayo.
RADIO GAALKACYO, RADIO GALKACYO, RADIO GALKAACYO, RADIO GAALKAACYO, RADIO GALCAIO.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/radio-gaalkacyo

16. Radio Galkayo 2.
RADIO GAALKACYO 2.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/radio-galkayo

17. Somalia short wave radio broadcasts.
FM IYO SW RAADIYO EE SOOMAALIYA, SOOMAALILAND IYO JABUUTI.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-short-wave-radio-broadcasts

18. Radio Hage Somalia. RADIO HAGE SOOMAALIYA. https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/radio-hage-somalia

19. Somalia map, Somaliland map, Puntland map, Galmudug map, Orgaden map, East Ethiopia map, North East Kenya map, South Eritrea map and Djibouti map.
KHARIIDADA SOOMAALIYA, KHARIIDADA SOOMAALILAND, KHARIIDADA PUNTLAND, KHARIIDADA GALMUDUG, KHARIIDADA ORGADEN, KHARIIDADA BARI XABASHI, KHARIIDADA WAQOOYI BARI KIINYA, KHARIIDADA KOONFUR ERITREA IYO KHARIIDADA JABUUTI.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-map

20. Radio broadcasting in Somalia 1993-2009.
HALKANI WAA RADIO 1993-2009.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-history

21. Short Wave radio broadcasting to Somalia.
IDAACAD SW RAADIYO U SOOMAALIYA.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/broadcasting-to-somalia

Visit Africa country by country.
Holiday in Africa country by country.
Amateur radio in Africa country by country.
DXpedition Africa country by country.
Africa DXpedition country by country.
Amateur Radio for kids in Africa.
Amateur Radio for children in Africa.
Amateur Radio for youth in Africa.
Amateur Radio for the young in Africa.
Amateur Radio in Somalia
22. Amateur Radio in Africa.
RAADIYAHA AMITARKA EE AFRIKA.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/amateur-radio-in-africa

23. Amateur Radio in the Middle East, RAADIYAHA AMITARKA EE BARIGA DHEXE, Visit the Middle East country by country, Holiday in the Middle East country by country,
Amateur Radio in the Middle East country by country, DXpedition the Middle East country by country, Middle East DXpedition country by country, Amateur Radio for kids in the Middle East, Amateur Radio for children in the Middle East, Amateur radio for youth in the Middle East. https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/amateur-radio-in-the-middle-east



More on Somalia in the 31 Downloads below:
Radio is a key to friendship, knowledge, development and employment.
HAGAYAASHA RAADIYAHA AMITARKA SOOMAALIYEED IYO SHAQO.
All in Somalia radio course topic 01
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic01.doc

Development in Somalia,
Talking to Sudan, Iraq and Somalia on radio,
The development of amateur radio in Somalia,
Somalia Amateur Radio Friendship and Emergency Network SARFEN,
AMITAR RAADIYO EE SOOMAALIYA IYO SHAQO.
All in Somalia radio course topic 02
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic02.doc

Islamic Space Agency,
Somalia Space Agency,
Why travel in Space?
Why travel to the Moon and Mars?
SHATIGA EE AMITAR RAADIYO EE SOOMAALIYA IYO SHAQO.
All in Somalia radio course topic 03
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic03.doc

Early Somalia History,
History of Somalia,
Early History of Somalia,
Somalia billions of years ago,
The oldest life on Earth,
The earliest life that existed on Earth,
The creation of the Universe,
The creation of the Moon and the Earth,
SOCOTO AJNEBITA EE SOOMAALIYA IYO SAYNIS.
All in Somalia radio course topic 04
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic04.doc

Communications in Somalia,
Time in Somalia,
Somalia time,
International Amateur radio prefixes,
Amateur radio world prefix list,
Historic Somalia QSL cards,
ISGAARSIINTA EE RAADIYAHA AMITARKA SOOMAALIYEED.
All in Somalia radio course topic 05
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic05.doc

International voice code,
Phonetic code,
Mayday emergency call,
Pan urgency call,
LUUQ CODKA CAALMIGA AH.
All in Somalia radio course topic 06
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic06.doc

International amateur radio abbreviations,
Emergency Morse code signal,
Urgency Morse code signals,
SIDA LOOSOO GAABIYO XEERKA CAALAMIGA AH EE AMITAR RAADIYOO.
All in Somalia radio course topic 07
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic07.doc

International Q codes,
How to use the Q code,
Q CODKA CAALMIGA AH.
All in Somalia radio course topic 08
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic08.doc

What is the International Morse Code?
How does Morse code work?
Who invented the Morse code?
How do you learn the Morse code?
How do you hold a Morse code key?
List of the Morse code,
MORSE CODKA CAALMIGA AH.
All in Somalia radio course topic 09
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic09.doc

What is frequency?
What is wavelength?
What are radio waves?
Amateur radio frequency bands in Somalia,
What is the electromagnetic spectrum?
MOWJADA IYO DHERERKA HIRKA.
All in Somalia radio course topic 10
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic10.doc

12 men landed on the Moon,
Man walked on the Moon,
Man went to the Moon and returned to Earth,
Somalia amateur radio frequency bands,
Radio communications in Space,
HABABKA WARLALINTA IYO MAWJADAHA HIRARKA RAADIYAHA AMITARKA SOOMAALIYEED.
All in Somalia radio course topic 11
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic11.doc

How to operate a radio transceiver,
The purpose of controls on a radio,
Controls on a receiver,
Controls on a transmitter,
SHARAX SHAQADA UU QABTO BOTON WALBA OO KAMID AH WARLALIS QABTAHA.
All in Somalia radio course topic 12
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic12.doc

Radio operating procedure,
How to check that the frequency is not in use?
How to call CQ?
How to start a radio conversation?
How to give information on the radio?
How to end a radio conversation?
NIDAAMKA LOO HOWLGALIYO RAADIYAHA AMITARKA AH.
All in Somalia radio course topic 13
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic13.doc

Learning English by using amateur radio?
How to make a radio log book?
How to answer questions about QSL cards?
How to answer questions about your equipment and antenna?
KUHADALKA INGIRIIS EE AMITAR RAADIYO.
All in Somalia radio course topic 14
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic14.doc

Learning English on radio,
Talking in English,
First English conversation,
Making friends by talking in the English language,
HAASAAWE KOWAAD EE AMITAR RAADIYO.
All in Somalia radio course topic 15
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic15.doc

Learning about electronic parts,
What are electronic components?
How does electricity work?
What is inside a radio transmitter?
What is inside a radio receiver?
XUBNO ELECTRONICA.
All in Somalia radio course topic 16
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic16.doc

What is a block diagram?
What is a circuit diagram?
How do you build a radio?
What is a crystal set?
How does a radio work?
JAANTUS MEEGAAR.
All in Somalia radio course topic 17
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic17.doc

What is a block diagram of a three stage transmitter?
How does a transmitter transmit voice, data and images?
What is an AM transmitter?
How does an AM receiver work?
What is an FM transmitter?
How does an FM receiver work?
What is an RF Radio Frequency amplifier?
What is a power amplifier?
What is a linear amplifier?
What is a Morse code transmitter?
How does a Morse code receiver work?
What is a double sideband DSB transmitter?
How does a double sideband DSB receiver work?
What is a single sideband SSB transmitter?
How does a single sideband SSB receiver work?
JAANTUS SANDUUQ.
All in Somalia radio course topic 18
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic18.doc

Somalia emergency preparation.
Somalia amateur radio friendship and emergency network.
Worldwide emergency preparation.
How to send radio messages.
Somalia emergency amateur radio frequencies.
Satellite phones, telephones and amateur radio.
Ham radio in a disaster can help aid agencies.
Local, national and international frequencies in Somalia.
Somalia emergency radio communications plan.
Emergency amateur radio communications.
WARISGAARSIINTA DEGDEGA AH EE AMITAR RAADYOOWGA.
All in Somalia radio course topic 19
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic19.doc

Message Precedence.
QN signals.
HX codes.
ARL codes.
Amateur radiogram.
Emergency amateur radio codes.
CAADBAX CODKA AMITAR RAADIYO AH.
All in Somalia radio course topic 20
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic20.doc

Amateur radio brings help to Somalia.
Radio message format.
How to write and transmit amateur radiograms.
Message transmission and reception.
Somalia amateur radio emergency assistance.
BIRMAD EE RAADIYAHA AMITARKA SOOMAALIYA.
All in Somalia radio course topic 21
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic21.doc

Computers, Internet & ham radio.
Operating on the air.
Operating on the correct frequency.
Modes (types) of transmission.
The Ionosphere.
Understanding radio communications.
GARAAD: ISGAARSIINTA RAADIYO.
All in Somalia radio course topic 22
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic22.doc

How to build a home made $47 short wave radio transceiver?
How to build your own FM radio station?
How to build a radio station?
How to use a multimeter?
How to use a soldering iron?
How to measure current?
How to measure voltage?
How to build radio transmitters.
How to build a radio transmitter and receiver (transceiver).
DHIS: WARLALIS QABTAHA.
All in Somalia radio course topic 23
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic23.doc

How do you build antennas?
How to build a dipole antenna?
How to build an Inverted V antenna?
How to build a ground plane antenna?
How to use an SWR meter?
How to build a $150 transceiver that puts your computer on the radio waves?
How to build a $190 SSB voice and Morse code HF radio transceiver?
Building antennas.
DHIS: ANTEENADAAS.
All in Somalia radio course topic 24
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic24.doc

Radio transmission and reception.
Voice, data and image transmission and reception.
Young radio ham of the year awards.
The cause and elimination of radio interference.
Safety and emergency resuscitation procedure.
Radio communications.
ISGAARSIINTA RAADIYO.
All in Somalia radio course topic 25
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic25.doc

Electronic symbols, components and their functions.
Electric current, resistors, capacitors and coils.
Slow scan Television SSTV.
Transistors and valves (tubes).
Amateur Television ATV.
Electronics theory 1.
QAACIDO ELECTRONICA 1.
All in Somalia radio course topic 26
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic26.doc

Listening to radio signals from Space.
How to talk with radio amateurs on the International Space station (ISS).
Amateur Television in a rocket.
Amateur radio rocket.
Building a 136 kHz 300 Watt radio transmitter.
A home made 500 kHz amateur radio transmitter.
Radio wave propagation.
Using a Linear amplifier.
The transformer.
The diode.
Electronics theory 2.
QAACIDO ELECTRONICA 2.
All in Somalia radio course topic 27
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic27.doc

Amateur radio communication using the Moon. Moon-Earth-Moon (EME).
Radio receivers.
Resistance, reactance, impedance and resonance
Antenna feedline and coaxial cable.
Electronics theory 3.
QAACIDO ELECTRONICA 3.
All in Somalia radio course topic 28
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic28.doc

Transmitting a Laser beam from Earth to the Moon and back to Earth.
H.F. Space research frequencies.
Microwaves.
Two-way communications over 167 km using light waves.
Building a Laser receiver.
Building a Laser transmitter.
Fibre optic cables.
International Telecommunications Union (ITU).
ITU table of frequency allocations.
ITU frequency allotment plans.
ITU international frequency coordination.
ITU frequency registration.
International broadcast bands.
Marine (Maritime) frequencies for ships and boats.
Aviation (Aeronautical) frequencies for aircraft.
H.F. land and mobile frequencies for business and government.
H.F. Time signal station frequencies.
Distress beacon frequency.
Amateur radio frequency bands.
Television TV frequencies.
The 3 Television broadcast standards.
Mobile cell phone frequencies.
Communication satellite frequencies for Internet and telephone.
Satellite digital radio broadcasting frequencies.
Short wave broadcasting.
Short wave radio in 2009. Case study- Radio New Zealand.
Medium Wave MW broadcasting, AM stereo, the future of MW broadcasting.
Building friendships on ham radio and finding information on the Internet.
Broadcasting on the Internet.
Podcasting, Radio stations on the Internet.
Using Internet “online” radio receivers.
Using Internet “online” amateur radio transceivers.
How to make a computer become a VLF radio receiver.
Telecommunications.
ISGAARSIINTA.
All in Somalia radio course topic 29
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic29.doc

The Qur’an and astronomy.
Creation of the Universe.
History of astronomy 3500 BCE to 2009.
Radio signals from outer space.
What distance can the naked eye see?
Distances to the stars.
Hubble Space Telescope (HST).
Photos from the orbiting Hubble space telescope.
The microwave sky.
Cosmic microwave background radiation.
The birth of a star.
The birth of a galaxy.
Heart attack in a star.
Death of a star.
A dead star.
Radio emissions from outer space.
Radio waves from outer space.
Dark matter.
Quasars.
Black holes.
Pulsars.
Radio astronomy frequency allocations.
Radio from outer space.
International Astronomical Union (IAU).
Spectral absorption lines.
Spectral absorption line frequencies.
The international year of astronomy (IYA) 2009.
Society of Amateur Radio Astronomers (SARA).
Turn your computer into a telescope.
See the Universe on the Internet.
Radio astronomy.
CILMIGA XIDDIGISKA RAADIYO.
All in Somalia radio course topic 30
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic30.doc

Visit Somalia 2009.
Ministry of Information, Telecommunications and Culture, Garowe, Puntland, Somalia.
Operating frequencies for radio amateurs in Somalia.
Hobby radio and television frequencies in Somalia.
Visitor amateur radio license in Somalia.
BOOQASHO DALKA SOOMAALIYA.
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-license/VisitingSomalia2009..pdf?attredirects=0



Email-
somaliahamradio@yahoo.com